Harnessing Up---Breast Collar - The Horse Forum
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post #1 of 21 Old 09-11-2012, 10:10 PM Thread Starter
Green Broke
 
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Harnessing Up---Breast Collar

How about a thread on harnessing a horse?

While this is the way I personally would harness a horse, I am sure others will hopefully share how they harness up.


The following is part of an article I found, on harnessing a horse, writen by Bill Morong, and dedicated to "trying to help modern drivers and their horses enjoy driving safely and comfortably."

It is a very good article and hopefully you will take the time to read the entire article, here is a link. This is also a very nice harness shop.

Camptown Harness - camptownharness.com and horseharness.com - 800-717-0957

Starting with the first piece of harness I put on.

The Breast Collar:
The horse accelerates the vehicle by pushing into a collar, through which force is transmitted through traces to the vehicle. The collar distributes the force of draught over a suitable portion of the horse's musculature. Two kinds of collars are used: hame (or neck) collars and breast collars. Breastcollars are usual, except for the most formal turnouts and for heavy draught work. The breastcollar comprises a wide strap encircling the breast of the horse. It may be fitted with large buckles at its ends, into which the traces are attached. Sometimes traces are sewn on, which limits adjustment and makes unharnessing in an emergency more difficult, unless suitable provision is made at the rear of the traces. If a breastcollar is used, more sawing motion will be transmitted to the traces than with a hame or neck collar. Therefore, with a breastcollar it is imperative that the vehicle be equipped with a pivoted singletree to facilitate this motion, or the horse may be sored. The breastcollar should be long enough so that its buckles are not riding on any part of the shoulder, but must be short enough to avoid interference with the saddle and shaft tugs, allowing for the movement of the horse. About two inches on each side between the foremost part of the saddle and the extreme tip of the breastcollar is< usually good.
The breastcollar is also fitted with uptugs with buckles, which receive the billets of the neckstrap. The uptugs are subjected to much movement from the horse's action. They are weak points in the harness and should be examined for wear, pulling out of the breastcollar, and bent buckle tongues when harnessing up. The neck strap supports the breastcollar, the height of which controls the point of draught. The point of draught is the center, in the vertical direction, of the draught force. The point of draught should be low enough to avoid interfering with the windpipe, but not lower, lest the action of the arms be hindered.
Neckstraps can be made with single or forked billets. Forked neckstraps are best on horses with low action, but tend to make the breastcollar rock from branch to branch on horses with high action, which is most unsightly. A forked neckstrap is most useful with Fjords to move rearwards the point of support to minimize crushingof the mane. The neckstrap is usually fitted with neck terrets, through which the reins pass, to avoid atching the reins under the shaft tips. The neck terrets often introduce a bend in the line of the reins, which may interfere with the communication between the hands and the bit. To avoid this interference either use no neck terrets or adjustable-height neck terrets.


Photos of a breast collar with buckle in traces and showing the uptugs, and a two forked neckstrap, with terrets.
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post #2 of 21 Old 09-11-2012, 10:20 PM Thread Starter
Green Broke
 
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A breast collar at the proper height, could even go half a hole higher. I use this hole when I use a breast collar pad a hole higher without a pad.

Not interfearing with his windpipe, and above the point of the shoulder, not interfearing with his legs. The buckles that accept the traces are well infront of where the saddle would be.
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Last edited by Taffy Clayton; 09-11-2012 at 10:26 PM.
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post #3 of 21 Old 09-11-2012, 10:34 PM Thread Starter
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A breast collar too high, interfearing with the windpipe, thus obstructing breathing.
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post #4 of 21 Old 09-11-2012, 10:40 PM Thread Starter
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This breast collar too low, breathing fine, but the horse would be pulling with his legs and not his chest. It is below the point of the shoulder.
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post #5 of 21 Old 09-11-2012, 10:59 PM Thread Starter
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This is Sunflower. He has a very cresty neck and the neckstrap has a tendancy to slip back towards his whithers. So adjustments of the neckstrap is needed.

First photo is even buckles all around, thus uneven breastcollar.

The second photo is adjusted to make the breastcollar even. The fork towards the front of the horse is one hole longer than the rear fork, do this on both sides.

This breastcollar is at a proper height also.
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post #6 of 21 Old 09-12-2012, 12:31 AM Thread Starter
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This harness is a to small for Sunflower. It is a horse size, and Sunflower is 15.3 and 1500#.
While it is adjusted properly, it just looks small. It looks much smaller with a photo of the entire horse. Also it is adjusted all the way out, on the last hole. You should try not to use harness on the last holes because it gives you no adjustment leway, If the harness breaks there is no extra leather to use to repair or even to get you back home.

Now I am not going to say you can't use the last hole, but I am saying if possible don't, Get a bigger harness.

First two photos are of the horse size harness.

Second two photos are of an XL horse harness. You can see it is much more substancial in size and is not on the last hole of the buckles.
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post #7 of 21 Old 09-12-2012, 12:37 AM Thread Starter
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post #8 of 21 Old 09-12-2012, 05:43 AM
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Taffy, I wish you were closer to me. I would so love to take lessons with you.

Cowgirl up!
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post #9 of 21 Old 09-12-2012, 07:53 AM Thread Starter
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Thanks!! I don't know where you are in NE but this is a club near Omaha,
And I am sure ther is one near Lincoln. Good luck, I just love driving.

This is a driving club in Nebraska
*Eastern NE Driving Society
Cheri Sahm
11214 Bennington Rd
Omaha, NE 68142
www.horseends.com
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post #10 of 21 Old 09-12-2012, 02:54 PM
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Great photos and information. Thank you so much
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