Join Date: Jul 2008
Location: Northern Illinois
Those two types of evasion mean very different things. If your horse sticks her nose up in the air, it means she's tense. She's not relaxed enough to give you her back and in turn, will not open her throat latch, reach down and grab the bit. To remedy this, you'll just have to hack around on a loose rein until she is relaxed, but even then, you have to go slowly and ask for only a little contact at a time. Praise what little she gives you. Never pull, yank or kick her into the contact, or your chances of obtaining true contact will be limited.
On the other hand, when she pushes down on the bit and pulls on your hands, she's heavy on the forehand. You need to lift her back by opening your seat and lifting with your legs and ask her to bring her back legs under her (or "engage" them) by encouraging forward motion with your seat and legs. Another thing to keep in mind, in the mean time, is when she leans on you ease your contact on one rein or both to let her know that you won't be giving her anything to lean on. Remember, tug-of-war is a two-player game!!