Much of what people have written about goats is basically true except goats DO
NEED copper. Goats who don’t have enough in their system will carry higher worm loads and be harder to keep healthy. Most places in the US, particularily the entire north east area, don’t have enough copper in the soil, thus not enough in the browse, much like selenium, which they also need. However, keeping them balanced is as easy as a horse as there are goat salt/mineral products specially for them.
Also, they aren’t generally known to have weak immune systems per say, it is just they are ruminants (4 chambered stomach) and operate very different than horses in terms of nutrition, worming, and health issues and need to be treated differently. What won’t affect your horse can indeed affect a goat, and vice versa.
They can bond well with a horse, are fairly easy to house and care for… hooves, proper feed, good health care and a knowledgeable worming schedule is really all it takes for a companion goat. Fences, however are a different story. Goats need a different fencing system than most horses are in, but will respect electric as a general rule so long as they can’t crawl through it
That said, I have goats and they have never gotten out. Never. Ever.
If you get a goat you will wanted a gelded male, called a wether, or a doe and you want one without horns.
Nothing wrong with a goat who still has horns, just that beginner goat owners should avoid them until they know more about goat behavior.
Even though I have already had goats, llamas and alpacas, I chose to adopt (rescue actually) two donkeys for a companion for my horse. I only wanted one, but they needed to stay together and I am a sucker…
Anyway, goats can be good companions so long as thought is put into their needs as well.
For ease though, a donkey is a better choice.
I have a micro goat dairy, if you would like to PM me, I can give you some links on goats that will help answer any questions you may have about them.