Chicken Treat Chart The Best Treats For Backyard Chickens - BackYard Chickens Community
Here's a link to a related forum, Backyard Chickens. It's got TONS of good info, a BB similar to this one where people chat about their birds and any bird issues.
I have a large flock, so my coop is pretty big, but it's not terribly fancy. The main thing is to keep them out of drafts and dry when the weather is really ugly. Your birds will be very cold hardy, folks in Alaska and Canada don't heat their coops, so really no heat is necessary. Deep litter on the floor will give them something to snuggle in on cold nights. For their combs, you can put vaseline on them and it will protect them from frost bite.
I feed a good layer ration and oyster shell, free choice on both, and then as a treat I toss down some Scratch when I want them to follow me. Scratch is not nutritionally complete, it's more like a Chicken Candy. I ask my hens, "Do you girls want some candy?" and they come running because they know I'm tossing down scratch.
For bedding, I use a lot of shavings, and I clean maybe 4 times per year. To keep smells down you can put Sweet PDZ in the shavings and I toss handfuls of scratch in there and they go in and stir up the bedding, which keeps things nice and dry. Wet bedding will start to smell bad, if they toss the bedding regularly, everything gets stirred up and won't smell so bad. If I ever notice any kind of an ammonia smell, I strip and clean the coop immediately. Birds are very sensitive to fumes.
I have hardware cloth (heavy gauge wire) on the windows and all around the bottom of the coop. The run is made of 2X4's and is covered in hardware cloth. Most predators will rip right through chicken wire. My windows are 2ft X 2ft and open 95% of the time. If it's going down below 20 F, or a storm is blowing in from the south, I drop the shutters down and cover the windows. I leave their little pop door open 24/7 unless it's going to get REALLY cold, again below 20 F. I have vents all around the top of the coop and by design, none of the corners fit too tight, so that they get lots of air in their, but not drafts. I have 6 egg boxes in the bump out in the front of the coop.
My chickens free range all day, hubby lets them out in the morning on his way to work and I go out and put shut the door on the run about dark. In the winter, I have supplemental light inside the coop for 4 hrs/day to keep up egg production. I pick up my eggs every evening when I go out to close the door on the run.
The hen my hubby is holding is a Black Cochin, I originally took the pic for a friend of mine who'd "never seen a chicken with 'furry' feet.".