I dont pay board and we put up our own feed plus they they are on grass pasture. We have a maternity barn since we raise 400 head of cattle. The stud I picked out would cost about $900 with stud fee and mare care. I work for my grandparents farm that I also live on but the time I put in here pays for my vaccinations and farrier work so thats nothing out of my pocket. Only thing I pay for is stud fee, any vet bills, and $400 to start it and I can finish it. Im not worried about it taking 5 years for it to be a productive horse bc both my mares, granted nothing happened, will be fine to show until the foal is ready.
I do see that there are so many horses out there bc of senseless breeding. But many are from unworthy studs or mares. These two have proven their great mares. Ive won a lot of money off them and saddles. I have yet to go to a show and not have someone compliment my 12 yr old and Ive had many offers to buy on both of them. So its not just me. Ive had two kids and both times they werent ridden for some time since my body wouldnt let me ride. And the next year I got on them, barely having time to condition them but we won a saddle with in 4 months of getting back to riding.
But I do see the advantage of buying a foal on the ground. Ive done this twice. One yearling got a shoulder injury and I did all I could, even taking her to the university vet clinic but I ended up selling her bc she would never be sound to ride. In the pasture she looked fine but once you started riding (as a coming 4yr old) she would begin limping. The next was doing great as a 4 yr old we were sorting calves and cows on the farm and she would freak out. Once even rearing over sideways with me. After that whenever she got pressured up she reared. Once again I did what I could for over a year but ended up selling her for a pleasure horse.
Both breeding and buying are gambles just in different ways.