It's my dream to have a broodmare one day. I don't have one yet, but I'm researching a lot. I'm looking at a great mare 15 years old, she had 2 foals when she was 5.
So what are expenses: Your expenses will vary with your location, the stud fee is just the tip of the iceberg.
-pre-exam Breeding exam will depend of if the vet just ultrasounds and palps, or just palps or does palp, US, culture, cytology and for a 15 y.o. mare, probably a biopsy. That exam ot OSU Vet School would cost me around $125. If all clear and healthy, no more charges, if any infections or biopsy abnormality found.....cost goes up.
-AI OSU does a package that includes all normal drugs, AI and ultrasounds to confirm pregnant or not, around $300? Might have gone up, I've used live cover the last couple of years. The $300 is per cycle.
-ultrasounds (how many times?) $65 and up for each one, I usually do 1 to confirm pregnancy, 1 at 45 days and one at 60-65 days to sex the fetus if desired.
-which vaccines, how often? Your mare should be current on her yearly vaccines before you start breeding her. Then at 3,5,7,9 months, Pneumabort K, at 10 months all her normal yearly vaccinations should be given again, appx 30 days before delivery. Those costs vary widly depending on how many vacs you give, whether you do it or have the vet do it and where you buy the vacs from. Generally, I figure about $120/year/horse
-which dewormers, how often? Fecal Test to see if needed and let the vet tell you what to use for what is found. I give Ivermectin within 12 hrs of delivery of the foal.
-extra food? When to start feeding different food? I start feeding Purina Omolene 300 at 9 months and through weaning. The amount is dependent on the size of the mare & foal. Feeding directions are on the bag. $20/bag
-which exams and how often should a vet check her? I have the mare tested in the beginning, AI'd and pregnancy confirmed, checked at 45 & 60 days. After that, not unless there's a problem or until the foal is born and I do a well foal check within the first 24 - 48 hrs. I draw and do my own IgG test so no need for the vet for that.
-what about genetic testing? (we're talking about a warmblood if this makes any difference) Not familiar with WB genetics
-what goes wrong often and how much does a vet costs then? I've had mares not take for 3 or 4 tries, at $300 per cycle that can get expensive, as can the shipping costs for the semen. Those run from $300 to $700 per shipment depending on the stallion.
-which exams for foal and which for mare after the foaling? I take the mare & foal in for a wellness check within 24-48 hrs of foaling, depending on how well the mom and foal appear to be doing. Mare gets checked reproductively to make sure she's clean and they check the foal for any birth abnormalities. They go in immediately if I even THINK there's something not right.
-which illnesses/injuries do foals often get? How much does vet cost then? Foal Pneumonia, Failure of Passive Immune Transfer, I've never had a foal get injured in the foaling stall, but once they and mom are back on pasture......well.....that can be anything. Foal Pneumonia & Transfer Failure both can be deadly and very expensive. I've had 1 foal get pneumonia and it cost me over $1K and 14 days in foal ICU and I got off light because I caught it so early. I've heard of vet bills over $5K so it pays to catch things quick.
-which illnesses/injuries do mares get? Retained Placenta is fairly common and not too horribly expenisive to treat USUALLY. $500 or less for me.
-special food for mare & foal? OMOLENE 300 for the mare and foal when foal starts to nibble at mom's food. As the foal gets bigger and more independent, a creep feeder so mom can't hog all the food and foal can get what it needs.
-anything else? Blessed Are The Broodmares by M. Phyllis Lose, has a LOT of really good info on the whole breeding, pregnancy and foaling routine and goes into a LOT of detail about all the stuff that can go wrong.
If you were to breed a mare, how much money would you prepare (without seed)? Let's forget about normal food and farriers... But everything else?
For a 15 y.o. mare, who hasn't been bred recently, I'd allow for the breeding soundness exam, at least 3 attempts at AI and those collecting & shipping, then after that, it's not usually too bad. Some places still use a shipping container that you have to return and there's a deposit on that, usually $250 & shipping appx $100. I use disposables so no deposit, no return.
So, my costs would be (approx):
$350 X 3, shipping & collection costs
$300 X 3, AI
$ 65 X 2, US after confirmation of pregnancy
$ 20 x 4, Pneumabort K shots
$120 X 1, yearly Vacs
$ 40 , yearly costs of fecal tests and deworming
$ 40 X 1, IgG test
$200 , Misc costs I can't think of
$2500-3000 is a safe budget, AFTER you buy the stud fee
Not sure for WB's but for most breeds, we used to figure 3X the stud fee for the price of the foal when it hit the ground. So, if a stud fee was $2500, you should be able to sell the foal for $7500 the day it's born. NOT the case for most foals these days. Much cheaper to go out and buy exactly what you want from a proven pair, for most people.
The fun of playing with the baby and mom, PRICELESS!