Anyone feel free to correct me but mares will go into season once a month but they do stop through the winter months.
I was told all but thoroughbreds will stop estrus in the winter
Edit: I had to look it up lol
may be 4 to 10 days in heat and about 14 days in diestrus. Thus a cycle may be short, I.e. 3 weeks. Horses mate in spring and summer, autumn is a transition time, and anestrus rules the winter.
A feature of the fertility cycle of horses and other large herd animals is that it is usually affected by the seasons. The number of hours daily that light enters the eye of the animal affects the brain, which governs the release of certain precursors and hormones. When daylight hours are few, these animals "shut down," become anestrous, and do not become fertile. As the days grow longer, the longer periods of daylight cause the hormones which activate the breeding cycle to be released. As it happens, this has a sort of utility for these animals in that, given a gestation period of about eleven months, it prevents them from having young when the cold of winter would make their survival risky. This is why animals can reproduce during only certain times of the year.