I really hate the term "American Warmblood" and I have a really hard time accepting them as a true breed. IMHO, it's seems like a bunch of draft crosses, grade horses &/or a few good european warmbloods crossed with whatever was laying around on the farm and given "papers". Its like calling a mutt a "designer breed".
The most common Warmblood breeds are the European breeds:
There's a big cluster of Dutch and German breeds; Oldenburgs (ISR), Hanovarians, Holstiners, Trakehners, KWPN, Dutch Warmbloods.
And then there are more Westen European Warmbloods: the French Selle Francias, Swedish Warmbloodand the Irish Sport Horse, as well as the Spanish Baroque breeds, the P.R.E., Lusitano, Fresians and Andalusians.
These are horses that have been specifically need for hundreds of years for the purpose of warfare, which evolved in to the sport of eventing and continue to be bred specifically for the three sports of eventing or any of it's individual disciplines.
The thing about Warmbloods is that the reason they look similar is because Warmbloods are a type if horse rather than a breed; think of the like pony or draft. If you take a look at the breeds you can see there named for the area they're derived from, take the German horses, they're are named for the city or regions they're derived from, Hanover, Oldenburg and Holstein. While they're WERE originally created by breeding if horses in those regions to get a "type", that selective breeding was done in the 13th -15th centuries. The foundation breeding of European Warmblood breeds, to develop a singular type and breed was done 500-800 years ago, where as this is only BARELY starting to occur for American Warmbloods. American Warmbloods have barely picked a name; as it is there are two registries (American Warmblood Society and American Warmblood Registry) with very different ideas about what an American Warmblood is.
To complicate what a warmblood is and how the breeds are different, Traditional European Warmbloods registries usually have open stud books and the horses are registered and inspected.
With QHs you breed two AQHA horses and you have a registered QH. Right?
My Swedish Warmblood mare is actually 1/2 SWB by her sire Juvel, but her Dam is registered Hanovarian. I bred my SWB mare with a foundation Irish Draught, for an Irish Draught Sport Horse.
Traditionally the foal is registered with the Sire breed registery, but you can choose either, especially b/c Mares are consider half of the equation and are just as or in some cases more important than the stallion, so registering with the dams registry (if its different), is an option.
So you usually get a provisional or lower class basic registration with a foal, but in order to get a full registration, or be entered in to the stud book you have to be inspected at an official inspection, and be given a high enough rating and classification. Mares and geldings too. In some breed registries if you breed your mare that hasn't been inspected and approved for breeding, you cannot get any provisional papers and you cannot register with them.
As if this wasn't enough, some Warmblood registries will accept outside recognized Warmbloods and accept them for inspection and give them an registration for that other registry, even though neither parent is that breed.
Again my SWB mare, by SWB sire out of a Hanovarian dam, has also been inspected and is registered in ISR/Oldenburg Main Mare Book.
There are fads with breeding, it's cyclical, breeders want more of the sleeker TB look, so for a couple of generations they selectively breed the thinner lankier horses mixing in some foundation TB blood. But then a couple of decades go by and powerhouse muscle is the new vouge, so breeders seek breed the sturdier built horses, adding in an approved foundation Irish Draught or baroque to build stature.
Contrary to popular belief, having an open stud book is more difficult than having a closed stud book.
With a closed stud book no one looks at the horse, you have the history of paperwork says what breed it is. (Jockey Club sire to Jockey club dam, and a live cover cert, it's a TB.)
But to be a Warmblood, you still have to have the paperwork, and while there's more outside influence accepted, the registry will tell you if qualify to be their breed, and at what QUALITY you are.
Posted via Mobile Device