The History of Pure Breeds - Page 12
 
 

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The History of Pure Breeds

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    08-19-2011, 11:47 PM
  #111
Green Broke
Another Predecessor, and one of the most influential sires in history:

*RAFFLES 952
*Raffles 952, foaled in 1926, was imported by Roger Selby in 1932. *Raffles is considered one of the most important stallions ever to come to the United States. His prepotence was due to the fact that he was inbred, a product of his sire, Skowronek put to his own daughter, *Rifala.


Inbreeding often leads to a loss in size, but it also tends to concentrate the best features (and sometimes worse) of an individual. In *Raffles case, he stood 13.3 hands while his dam *Rifala was 13.2. His prepotence to pass on his inbred qualities made him a highly successful sire.
Skowronek, the sire of *Raffles, was a cornerstone sire of the Arabian breed and considered quite prepotent as a sire. Although Skowronek was bred by Count Jozef Potocki's Antoniny Stud in Poland, it wasn't until Lady Wentworth obtained him at age 12 and used him on her Crabbet mares that his breeding reputation was made.
But *Raffles didn't start out as a successful sire, in fact, he was sold from Crabbet Park because he proved sterile. He was still sterile for five years after arriving at Selby's. It was Mr. Selby's stud manager, Jimmy Dean, who is credited for reviving Raffles fertility at the age of 11, primarily through the use of exercise.
*Raffles sired horses of beauty, particularly in the head, with overall refinement, good movement (some were brilliant movers), and very good dispositions. His get were not usually known for their size, but were many were taller than their sire. Often their one drawback was that they tended to lack defined withers.
Raffles sired 61 sons and 62 daughters, a total of 123 get. Most of his get had enormous influence themselves in either the show ring or in the breeding barn, and are much too numerous to mention individually. Some of his best known sons are: Geym 2363 (x Rageyma) a very successful son; Indraff 1575 (x *Indaia) the foundation sire for Al-Marah Arabians; Aarief 3717 (x Aarah) a foundation sire for Lasma Arabians; Rasraff 2365 (x *Rasmina) who did well as a stock horse; Sotep 8385 (x Zareyna) a very popular sire; Rapture 3783 (x Rafla); Handeyraff 3940 (x Hanadina); Azraff 5596 (x *Azja IV) one of his best known sons and Tut Ankh Amen 3830 (x *Roda).
Some of his best known daughters are Cassandra 3831 (x Rodetta); My Bonnie Nylon 3832 (x Joharah); Rose Marie 4168 (x Rodetta), Aarafa 2872 (x Aarah), Flaia 3378 (x *Indaia) and Scheraffa 3938 (x Scheherazade).
*Raffles survived a broken leg in 1949 at age 23, and after his recovery, was sold to Alice Payne of Whittier, CA. *Raffles died May 11, 1953 at the age of 27.
     
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    08-19-2011, 11:53 PM
  #112
Green Broke
*MIRAGE, pure white 14.2 hands "Seglawi Jedran of Dalia, the most prized of the Seglawi strains," foaled in 1909.
English Champion, Richmond Royal Show, 1926. American Champion, National Arabian Show, Nashville, 1934, at the age of 25, a most unique honor for a horse of such remarkable age. Only one other horse, Mr. Selby's mare, Champion Rifala, holds the same record of being both a British and American Champion. Died in 1939.



     
    08-20-2011, 12:00 AM
  #113
Green Broke
And for the Gainey Tribe.. ;)

Ferzon, an amazing stallion whose blood also runs in my mares' veins..

Ferzon (Ferneyn x Fersara, by Ferseyn) 1952 Grey Arabian Stallion.
The McCoys promptly put a $10,000 price ticket on Ferzon's head, never dreaming that anyone would come up with that kind of money in the early 1950s when the average yearly salary was well under $5000.

McCoy showed Ferzon himself and walked away with a many ribbons while bringing distinction to Ferzon and his close equine relatives in California. For instance, on March 29, 1953, Ferzon was named reserve Champion stallion at the Palm Desert, California, First Annual All Arabian Show. At the same show Ferneyn, Ferzon's sire, took the grand championship. Moneyna, the dam of Ferneyn, was named reserve champion mare, while Hasa, a half sister to Ferneyn by Ferseyn, was the grand champion mare. This show was the beginning of clear evidence that the influence of Ferseyn was to be felt for a long time.

Then came Daniel Gainey, Sr, with $10,000 to purchase Ferzon and to produce a distinctive look to Arabians that many people now call the Gainey-look. Mr. Gainey showed Ferzon lightly as a two year old and a three year old, although Ferzon no longer placed as spectacularly as he had during his yearling season.

In the breeding shed at Gainey Fountainhead Arabians, Ferzon produced 251 registered Purebred offspring and was the the grandsire of 7616 registered purebred get. Among the better known offspring of Ferzon, we can name BF Rageymazon, Gaffizon, BuZahr, Shar Mar Ferzay, Gazon (sire of Raffon), Perlezon (sire of Arn-ett Perlane), Comar Raffdan, Comar Rafeymon, Comar Regal, Gai Ferzon Louis, and most notably Gai Parada. Gai Parada was to take over the role of chief sire from his deceased sire at Fountainhead Arabians. In the year 2000, the Gai Parada son, Gai Monarch, won the Canadian Nationals Grand Championship, and appears to spell an influential return to favor of the old foundation lines produced by the many sons of Skowronek (Crabbet Stud, England) as a well-deserved source of Arabian blood.

Ferzon died in 1982 at thirty years of age.

     
    08-20-2011, 01:42 AM
  #114
Banned
Quote:
Originally Posted by Druydess    
And for the Gainey Tribe.. ;)

Ferzon, an amazing stallion whose blood also runs in my mares' veins..

Ferzon (Ferneyn x Fersara, by Ferseyn) 1952 Grey Arabian Stallion.
The McCoys promptly put a $10,000 price ticket on Ferzon's head, never dreaming that anyone would come up with that kind of money in the early 1950s when the average yearly salary was well under $5000.

McCoy showed Ferzon himself and walked away with a many ribbons while bringing distinction to Ferzon and his close equine relatives in California. For instance, on March 29, 1953, Ferzon was named reserve Champion stallion at the Palm Desert, California, First Annual All Arabian Show. At the same show Ferneyn, Ferzon's sire, took the grand championship. Moneyna, the dam of Ferneyn, was named reserve champion mare, while Hasa, a half sister to Ferneyn by Ferseyn, was the grand champion mare. This show was the beginning of clear evidence that the influence of Ferseyn was to be felt for a long time.

Then came Daniel Gainey, Sr, with $10,000 to purchase Ferzon and to produce a distinctive look to Arabians that many people now call the Gainey-look. Mr. Gainey showed Ferzon lightly as a two year old and a three year old, although Ferzon no longer placed as spectacularly as he had during his yearling season.

In the breeding shed at Gainey Fountainhead Arabians, Ferzon produced 251 registered Purebred offspring and was the the grandsire of 7616 registered purebred get. Among the better known offspring of Ferzon, we can name BF Rageymazon, Gaffizon, BuZahr, Shar Mar Ferzay, Gazon (sire of Raffon), Perlezon (sire of Arn-ett Perlane), Comar Raffdan, Comar Rafeymon, Comar Regal, Gai Ferzon Louis, and most notably Gai Parada. Gai Parada was to take over the role of chief sire from his deceased sire at Fountainhead Arabians. In the year 2000, the Gai Parada son, Gai Monarch, won the Canadian Nationals Grand Championship, and appears to spell an influential return to favor of the old foundation lines produced by the many sons of Skowronek (Crabbet Stud, England) as a well-deserved source of Arabian blood.

Ferzon died in 1982 at thirty years of age.


Wow! Kierra has lines to Ferzon and Skowronek, Raffles, Nazeer, Naseem, Silver Drift and The Real McCoy:

Aaa Fans Kierra Arabian

Now how cool is that! Sure glad she picked us to love....

Although I know very little about bloodlines, it does not suprise me to find that she comes from Arab "royalty". She is incredibly smart and not only does whatever you ask of her, she does it WELL. They broke the mold when they created that mare.
     
    08-20-2011, 02:18 AM
  #115
Banned
I guess falling in love with Ebzeenah was a stroke of luck as well:

Ebzeenah Arabian


Morafic: Morafic - Arabian Stallion - Historical Photo

Ronek: Arieana Arabians - Heritage Notebook: R (Ronek)

The second picture of Ronek on the above page looks just like Ebzeenah when she gets all full of herself and starts prancing around. I think it is really cool that he was double registered as an Arabian and in the Thoroughbred Jockey Club. Now if I can just figure out how to keep her nice black coat to keep from fading in the brutal Florida sun!
     
    08-20-2011, 03:05 AM
  #116
Foal
Not to offend you guys... but MOST decent Arabs currently around trace back to a majority of the foundations and are closely related to other significant sires as well.

I am enjoying the pedigree talk though, so don't think Im trying to off you at all. Its just kinda like all the people that are flipping out and announcing they own a granddaughter of Secretariat - there are SOOOOOOOO many of them its a silly thing to be hyped about unless she was a track star as well. I've seen three newspaper articles on Secretariat granddaughters being rescued this summer alone, on three different horses.

And the Arabs you're both talking about are far enough back that its a common find in most Arabian pedigrees.

Please carry on with the pretty ponies :)
NdAppy, MsBHavin and Ebzeenah like this.
     
    08-20-2011, 08:57 AM
  #117
Green Broke
Some history of the Spanish Arabian- much more rare as the Spanish were extremely selective in their breeding and not many were brought to the US. Every, or most Arabians does not have these bloodlines. My Echo Magnifficcoo daughter, who is over half Spanish has been a very interesting horse to research.. will posts some of her ancestors later..

Spain was occupied by the Moors who brought with them not only their culture and their architecture, but also their ancestral breeding techniques, giving the most important part to the selection of the broodmares.

Spain discovered these prestigious little war horses : Arabian horses.In fact, the Moors would leave a large number of them at their departure. They would put their mark on the Iberian Peninsula and contribute to the creation of new breeds : Andalusian , Lisutaniens, and Lippizans. (breed created from horses imported in Yougoslavia in 1580)

Expansion of the pure bred Arabian from the 15th to the 18th century:

The Army, convinced by its qualities as a sire, breed improver, war mount, racing horse, made the Arabian horse one of its fundamental piliar and wouldn’t let anybody else control its development. New “Arabians from the desert” were bought or confiscated as war loot by the nomade tribes which, having preserved a very sharp sense of breeding, regularly came to improve and regenerate the Spanish Arabian bloodlines. However, the Army authorized the private breeders to use some stallions for their own mares.
The first permanent stallion depot was created in Cordoba in 1834.
The Yeguada Militar, which headquarters were in Jerez de la Frontera, created in 1847 the “Spanish Arabian Stud Book”,
the first record of purebred Arabian horses. (the first one in the world)

The first recorded Arabians were horses imported from the desert and owned by Queen Isabel II who took an active part in the establishment of this register. The first horse registered was ABAYOUL, a dark-bay stallion. The following importations from the desert were organised, first on the Spanish gouvernement's behalf, and then by the Duke San Carlos, and finally by the General Marchesi, but the contribution of this new blood was particularly intended to improve the existing breeds.

The first volume of the Spanish Arabian Stud Book, which started in 1847, was published in 1885, but none of the first Arabians' bloodlines would survive. In 1893, the Yeguada Militar settled in Cordoba. They were depending of the Ministry of War. The army imposed a very strict control over the registration in the Stud book (certificate of origin and proof of the excellence of the bloodline), the horses imported from the desert were not accepted unless they were coming from certain parts of the desert or certain tribes that had proved themselves. However, facing increasing difficulties to find good breeding stock in the desert, the army decided to establish in Spain a serious purebred Arabian breeding program. They had at their disposal few stud farms and few stallions stations. The Yeguada Militar only preserved the best stallions, selected after a presentation in front of senior officers, and the best mares : the one producing good males (the main objective being the use of the Arabian as a war horse); the other ones were leased or sold by auction to private breeders.

Commissions of veterinaries and officers were regularly sent into the desert and later to other parts of the globe in search of the best root stock of purebred Arabian and, that is, ameliorate constantly the quality of the Spanish breeding stock…
     
    08-20-2011, 01:56 PM
  #118
Banned
Quote:
Originally Posted by Deslumbrar    
Not to offend you guys... but MOST decent Arabs currently around trace back to a majority of the foundations and are closely related to other significant sires as well.

I am enjoying the pedigree talk though, so don't think Im trying to off you at all. Its just kinda like all the people that are flipping out and announcing they own a granddaughter of Secretariat - there are SOOOOOOOO many of them its a silly thing to be hyped about unless she was a track star as well. I've seen three newspaper articles on Secretariat granddaughters being rescued this summer alone, on three different horses.

And the Arabs you're both talking about are far enough back that its a common find in most Arabian pedigrees.

Please carry on with the pretty ponies :)
No offence taken! We love our babies even if they come from no-name nags! It is a bit uncanny though that our Kierra shares a second generation bloodline with a new mare we just purchased and we didn't know that until after we decided to purchase her. It might be coincidence, or it might be that we noticed some similarities between the two. Like I said before, we love them all no matter what! Thanks so much for your input.
     
    08-21-2011, 09:54 PM
  #119
Green Broke
The first pure Spanish Arabian private breeder was the Marquis de Domecq in 1910, who bought back few stallions not used by the Yeguada Militar, but the only importations made by private breeders were the work of the brothers Guerrero.
From 1920, two new private breeders started to breed pure Arabian stock and would have a significant influence on the Spanish breeding stock:
The name of Don Josť Maria De Ybarra, whose son Luis would take over, is still associated today to the pure Spanish Arabian breeding
Breeder of CONGO, SHERIF, GANDHY GANDHY, ABOUKIR, GOMARA GOMARA, TRIANA.

Don Cristobal Colon ( descendant of Christopher Colombus in direct line),better known as the Duke of Veragua , bought back all mares of the Marquis de Domecq after the death of the later in 1921 ( EUTERPE, BENI AMER, FIANZA , etc... )

During this short period of time, the Duke of Veragua brought a very important, unfading and personal touch to the pure Spanish Arabian breeding. Passioned by the pure Arabian, he was constantly obsessed by improving constantly the genetic heritage of his horses; he was ready to wander through the whole world for it.

In 1926, he imported from the Clark's Courthouse Arabian Stud (England) the stallions AJLUN , SHADRACK and the beautiful and impetuous RAZADA, sire of NANA SAHIB and KASHMIR.

In 1929, he bought the stallion SIRIO III, , sire of SIRIO IV , born at the Marquis de Domecq’s.
In 1930, he bought 5 daughters of Skowronek to Lady Wentworth , Crabbet Park (England), one of the world most outstanding figure of the pure Arabian horse breeding. We can find these mares in many Spanish pedigrees.
SHELIFA
( out of Selima)
NAMIRA
(out of Nessima )
NASIEDA
(out of Nasra )
REYNA
( out of Rissla )
And the gorgeous
JALILA (out of Rasima )

In 1934, he bought from Lady Wentworth the mare INSILLA .( out of Naseem )
     
    08-21-2011, 10:03 PM
  #120
Green Broke
The Spanish Civil war created an environment of isolation and no new Arabians were imported, thus breeding was kept pure,

Isolation of Spain in 1939

The end of the Civil War marked an important step in the Spanish Arabian breeding.
The Yeguada Militar collected all the best stallions who had survived the war and bought some others to private breeders, especially to Luis Ybarra who sold them Soliman, Aboukir, Sherif, Congo.

The army decided to stop importing new blood lines.
From now on, Spain was going to live in isolation for few decades and the Purebred Spanish Arabian will not change in its type. The only important acquisitions during this period were 2 mares given as a present to General Franco by King Abdullah of Jordan in 1949 : Saklauia Yadran (dam of Betonica ,Jacericina) and El Yadidia. Few mares were also imported from Portugal, Germany or the United Kingdom between 1970 and 1980, the stallion Cranleigh Karim was imported from England in 1973.
     

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