The ApHC was founded in 1938, and issued "Foundation numbers" to just under 5000 horses through 1962. The early Appaloosas had to be colored to be registered. There was not a requirement for known pedigree. All riding type breeds were allowed as approved crosses. The first Foundation horses did not always have known pedigrees, but their pedigrees and/or photos were looked over and they were granted F numbers based somewhat on perceived merit.
By 1950, the requirements to get a F number was to be from an F x F Appaloosa breeding, F x registered Arabian, or if not from the above breedings the horse got a "T" number. If a T horse sired 15 (If a stallion) or produce 3 (if a mare) ApHC registered foals, and looked OK, then the horse could be "advanced" to F status. Soon (1962) the F classification was closed altogether, and a horse was either born eligible for permanent papers, or was T registered, and T horse could be advanced from T to permanent. There were no restrictions on T horses whatsover-- They could be bred, shown, raced, etc. Of course, all registered Appaloosas at this point were still colored.
There was also never any requirement that an ApHC horse HAD to have any amount of F-registered ancestry.
Since the last F number was issued in 1962, it would be unlikely to find any living sons or daughters of F horses. Some producing grandget might still be around.
Through the late 1970s the ApHC still allowed crossing to a multitude of breeds, and still would register colored horses with unknown pedigree. There were eventually "ID" papers available for solids-- solids from at least one ApHC parent, and also for solids not registered anywhere else, if they were used as a parent for breeding Appaloosas.
In the early 1980's the ApHC did away with unknown pedigrees except for geldings or spayed mares, and limited crossing to AQHA, TB, and Arab. The ApHC also for the first time started actually registering solid horses from ApHC breeding, and instituted a program to allow these solids to be showable in 1982.
Later in the 1980s and into the 1990s, there were some breeders and enthusiasts who did not like the direction many Appaloosa breeders were going. Some wanted to go back to only color being registerable, or showable. Others wanted the ApHC to close the books altogether. This did not and has not happened. Thus there were programs and registries formed to recognize and register "Colored Appaloosas" only, as well as "Foundation Appaloosas". Each different registry has a somewhat different definition of "Foundation"-- basically the idea is to breed as much app x app as possible with as much lineage tracing back to F numbered ancestry as possible.
Being "close" to Foundation-numbered Appaloosas would be no reason whatsoever for the horse to not be registerable-- in fact, the Foundation registries usually require ApHC or ApHCC papers and/or ancestry, and have stricter bloodline rules than either ApHC or ApHCC. If he is not registering, the horses are grade.
There ARE "Foundation Appaloosas" that are attracive and useful and competitive. However when someone breeds only for a "long pedigree" or only for "lots of color" or etc., it is unfortunately pretty common for other important qualities to suffer.
Last edited by Eastowest; 11-09-2009 at 08:05 PM.