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*whats the best way to treat rain rot?*

This is a discussion on *whats the best way to treat rain rot?* within the Horse Health forums, part of the Keeping and Caring for Horses category
  • Best way to clean up rain scald
  • What is the best product to use on rain rot

 
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    12-11-2008, 01:24 AM
  #11
Green Broke
Quote:
Originally Posted by loosie    
Rain rot, rainscald, mud fever, thrush are all fungal infections.
That's not exactly true. Rainrot is a single celled organism, like a parasite. It looks like a fungus or bacteria, but it's not a fungus (it's more closely related to a bacteria). Which is why rain rot doesn't always clear up with antifungal treatments.

http://www.equusite.com/articles/hea...hRainRot.shtml
Rain Rot and Ringworm Horse Skin Disease Information
Rain Rot, a Common Horse Affliction: Treatment and Causes - Associated Content

The Horse: Rain Rot

Quote:
Cause
"Rain rot or rain scald (also known as dermatophilosis) is caused by bacterial infection, and it often is mistaken for a fungal disease," Swinker says. "The bacteria live in the outer layer of skin and cause from pinpoint to large, crusty scabs."

Dermatophilus congolensis, the bacterium found to cause this infection, lives in dormant within the skin until the skin is compromised in some way, which can happen when there's prolonged wetness, high humidity, high temperature, or attacks by biting insects, according to The Merck Veterinary Manual.

Treatment
Most acute cases of rain rot can heal on their own; however, Swinker recommends treating even minor cases because the lesions can spread and worsen. The lesions also interfere with use (especially if they are located along the horse's back or withers) and they can be painful for the horse.

She says, "In early or less severe cases, simply removing the scabs (by bathing the horse) with antimicrobial shampoos and currying will take care of the problem." However, more severe cases in which the infection has affected deeper skin layers might require your veterinarian to give antibiotic injections (such as procaine penicillin and streptomycin). Unlike most skin conditions, rain rot is not itchy, but it can be painful to the touch. Be cautious when bathing or removing the scabs.

Prevention
Practicing good hygiene, such as daily grooming with clean brushes, along with reducing environmental risk factors (constant wet and/or humid environments and biting insects), are the best ways to prevent your horse from getting rain rot. Because this infection can spread to other horses, it's important to isolate the infected horse to reduce the risk of spreading the infection to pasturemates. Also, be sure to use a separate set of grooming tools and tack (if the infection is light enough to continue working the horse without causing harm), and disinfect these items between each use.
     
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    12-11-2008, 01:28 AM
  #12
Green Broke
Thrush can be caused by a fungus, bacteria, or yeast, which is why thrush can be so hard to get rid of in some horses. If it's a fungus, normal thrush treatments will work. If it's a bacteria, bleach, turpentine, or other caustic chemicals will work. If it's yeast, then you need sugardine treatments or ACV.

Of course, all of the causes can be cured with soaks in Oxine AH with citric activator for 15-20 minutes, every other day until it clears up. Use Oxine monthly or bi-weekly for prevention in horses that are prone to thrush.
     
    12-11-2008, 10:59 AM
  #13
Started
I use baby butt ointment, ie generic Desitin. Works great.
     
    12-11-2008, 06:09 PM
  #14
Foal
Hi there.
I think everyone has given really good advice! Especially re using a betadine mixture.
There are also a few specially medicated products around, But I'm not sure if they would be sold in your country (worth looking in to though).

One is Maleseb. A medicated shampoo which can be used daily. Simply scrub into affected areas and leave for 10 minutes before rinsing. This will soften the scabs and make them easier to remove, without causing too much irritation to the skin.

The other is a prduct called Quit Itch. Its reletively cheap and is an iodine based solution.
I actually use this product, diluted into water (about 1 part quit itch to 3 parts water), every day after riding on any sweaty areas. But it can also be used directly on to any areas which are affected by such ailments as rain rot.

Never use creams, lotions or oil based products as this will cause further irritation to the affected area.

And finally. Keep your horse as dry as possible. If you use blankets as protection from rain, make sure they're breathable and not too heavy. 100% cotton summer blankets and a good quality un lined canvas (which will draw moisture away from the horse) are good choices.

Good luck! Its such a bugger of a thing to treat!
     
    12-11-2008, 07:41 PM
  #15
Foal
As far as susceptability in certain horses and health playing a part, I think age may well a part also, so beating it now and making sure it doesn't come back is important, your next outbreak will be harder to get rid of.
Working at a Rescue Stable I've seen rain rot more than I wanted to. The owner came up with some interesting creations to fight it. I totally agree with washing everything, including the blankets and pads, in bleach or bleach alternatives in hot water.
For the rain rot spots, clean them with a warm soap and water until the scabs can come off, moist as possible because scrubbing needs to be minimized. At this point we used a betadine, witch hazel, and aloe applied via squirt bottle. You can cover it with a wound spray from there if you want, but its better to let it breath. Leave unblanketed in a stall for at least an hour afterwards. Horse should only be outside it its sunny and should be blanketed. I'd suggest double padding him when you do start riding again, the lack of hair will make everythign rub uncomfortably until it crows back. When the rot clears, keep applying just the aloe, and gently scrub the skin to help it strengthen and revitalize hair.
     
    12-12-2008, 12:38 PM
  #16
Yearling
Someone at my barn swears by Selsun Blue medicated
     
    12-12-2008, 08:37 PM
  #17
Foal
Try the MTG it has many purposes.
I also agree with Loosie on the diet. You can always add some flax which will help her skin and coat thrive and it's inexpensive.

Never heard bout trying the Gold Bond but sounds like a great idea.
     
    12-12-2008, 09:13 PM
  #18
Showing
Your vet might have a shampoo specifically designed to treat rain rot and if not, they might have some more suggestions. I would guess betadine would work and if the issue gets too out of hand, antibiotics may be needed. I don't have a lot of experience with this problem as we don't see just a whole lot of moisture in our area.
     
    12-15-2008, 09:55 AM
  #19
Foal
Rain Rot

Hi everyone,

I just found this site online and decided that I needed to sign up...

Wear Latex Gloves!!! You can transfer it to other horses I guess humans can get a form of it too...eeek

We have about 20 horses on average with two or three that get the rot often. This last horse had it really bad. What I did was make a scab softener out of 16oz baby/mineral oil, 16oz peroxide, 12oz iodine. I mixed it in a gallon jug. This will expand and blow the top off if you put it in anything small. Make sure to push a little air out of the jug before putting the cap on each time.

First I would lather up the horse with betadine SUDDING shampoo let set for 10 min. Rinse very well then apply the softner let set in sun for 2-3 hours. Then carefully remove the loose scabs. I did this for three days until the scabs were not returning then continued, but added triple antibiotic ointment.

THis horse had it really bad all over his back. Some of the scabs were palm size. A thick puss had formed under some of them also. I hunt fish and trap so I have seen some nasty stuff, but this had me a little green a few times.

Feel free to pm me if you have any more questions

BarnManager
     
    12-16-2008, 09:57 AM
  #20
Foal
After treating a horse for "rain rot" all over, our vet did skin scrapings and determined that was not rain rot.

There is a very long thread on COTH that is interesting to read which associates this condition with onchoceria (sp?)

Let me say, it is interesting reading and it worked for us.
     

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