Originally Posted by TrailDustMelody
Well we don't have the goats or their mineral any more, otherwise I would give the mineral to the horses. :) Come to think of it, the hay we just got is mostly grass, while the stuff we had before had more alfalfa...maybe that has something to do with it.
I'm going to start feeding them 3x a day because I suspect boredom has something to do with it.
Grass hay has a much lower ratio of nutrients compared to legume and grain hays. Was there a particular reason for the change? If not, perhaps look at changing back? I'll change from a legume or grain hay to meadow hay if I've got a pony or horse that's overweight or if they've got a history of foundering...mostly I feed wheaten, rye grass and clover hays. I suppose there are going to be differences from Australian-grown hays as compared to other countries too. But wheaten and rye grass are what I feed regularly and clover is a bit of a "treat".
Boredom is harder to tackle...but it's fixable. If you can, buy some slow-feed hay nets and dot them around your paddock...you can put one swinging from a tree branch and others at intervals along the ground. The horses have to "travel" and "forage" which mirrors how the herd behaves in the wild. So they work for their feed...and will in turn eat more as they're using more energy.
Horses graze for most of their waking hours. It's not really out of boredom in the wild but necessity as they're on the move - horses travel vast distances in a week and are always looking for "greener pastures".
I haven't tried any of the horse-specific toys available but I've heard some horses love them. That may be worth looking at too if the problem turns out to be boredom. That and more work; ground work and under saddle both tire the horse's brain out as well as the body.