How to tell if a mare is a good choice for a broodmare? (health wise) - The Horse Forum
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post #1 of 6 Old 04-16-2013, 07:20 PM Thread Starter
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Question How to tell if a mare is a good choice for a broodmare? (health wise)

Is there anything I should test my mare for to make sure she is a good candidate to be bred? I do not know if she has been bred in the past, is there any way I can find out if she has? Her appearance? Her udder?
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post #2 of 6 Old 04-16-2013, 07:25 PM
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Your vet will need to pull a culture to make sure she doesn't have any uterine infections, or else breeding will be difficult.

If she is registered, and has registered offspring, you can look them up through your breed association. If she's not registered, then I would rethink breeding her at all.
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post #3 of 6 Old 04-16-2013, 08:13 PM Thread Starter
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She is registered with AQHA. I am planning on pulling her papers to spell her registered name correct and look it up. Is there any easier way to look it up online besides typing it into google? I don't know where to look her up in the AQHA website.
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post #4 of 6 Old 04-17-2013, 12:52 PM
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If you are an AQHA member you will have "free money" every month you can do pedigree research with, its in their members section once you log in. If you are not a current member you will be unable to look up horses this way, and will need to ask someone who is, or hope your mares ancestors are in All Breed Pedigree Query already, which you may be able to set up yourself if you have her papers to look at.

The questions you need to ask yourself are:
Is my mare an excellent example of her breed conformationally?
Is she an excellent example of her breeds temperament?
What has she done in her life that qualifies her as breeding quality? (ie. show record, offspring record, great bloodlines AS WELL AS great conformation and temperament, or is/was she a great using ranch horse?
What are you breeding for exactly? Do you have a goal in mind for the foal and what is it? Where does she fit in to that goal and can you name the qualities she has that you would want in your potential prospect whom you wish to use for that particular goal?
What are your plans with the foal should it turn out to be the opposite of what you are looking for? In other words, is there a market for the foal should you not want to keep it or should you need to sell it? Would you send it to auction where it would potentially sell to meat buyers? You won't be able to ride it for at least 2 years... are you financially capable of keeping, caring for, and training a young foal until its time for saddle training?
What exactly is your experience with horses? Have you raised foals before? Have you trained horses yourself before? If not who will be helping you properly halter break and desensitize this baby to every day activities (ie. teaching ground manners such as leading, tying, picking up feet, vetting, farrier care, etc) so baby is safe to handle?

If your goal is only to have a cute wittle baby you can raise, you are breeding for the wrong reason. If that is the case, there are TONS of perfectly healthy weanlings/yearlings and younger horses as well as older already broke horses that are going through auctions for cheap, I'm sure you can find something that fits your goal(s) in there and potentially save them from making a trip to slaughter.

What is your mares breeding? If you offer up pics (standing square, both sides, front, and rear) I'm sure people on here will be more than willing to give advice on if you should or shouldn't breed, and if so, what type of stallion would compliment her.
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post #5 of 6 Old 04-17-2013, 04:06 PM
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If she did raise a foal, for the AQHA to have a record of it, it would of had to be an AQHA foal. She could of raised an APHA foal, ApHC foal or oops foal and they would not have a record of it. It's easy to tell if a mare has ever nursed a foal. On a maiden mare, her teats will be about the size of the tip of your pinky and sucked up tight. On a nursed on mare, her teats are more the size of your thumb and they'll hang down.
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post #6 of 6 Old 04-19-2013, 01:29 AM
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Would it be easier to buy a mare that is already pregnant? or buy a weanling?

I would not breed right now. Too many horses at the rescues that are healthy, sound, sane and with good conformation. AQHA horses make up 70% of horses sent to slaughter. They are a dime a dozen around here.

I've known 2 people to loose their foal after it was born. I've known a 3rd person who very nearly lost their mare. She had to have round the clock care for weeks following foaling after getting a bad infection and laminitis.
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