I've never been to Canada.
I would appreciate if you would quit acting like having a horse in pasture board is like animal cruelty or something and it should never be done.
I think it is. Down the road there are about 50 horses standing in an open wind swept field. I ride past them all the time. They have no options of finding selters in the bush out of the wind. They just stand and endure. Sometimes it rains heavy and then freezes at night. How do these guys get dry to endure the freezing night temperatures?? They don't, they just stand and suffer.
While I ride my horse hard I will not see him stand outside at minus 18 in heavy winds and blowing snow with feet that are constantly wet.
Wind is tiring and again what can the horse do about it anyway except DIE??
They will survive but the quality of care is not there. It is all about money, the cost of pasture board vs Stable board.
And you can't tell me that people having horses standing out in the cold , the wet, the rain are going to brush and clean and pick feet like horse that live in a nice warm well lite barn with other boarders doing the same thing?? No way
Going out andhrowing hay and water to a bunch of horses outside is one thing but to honestly dry out the horse and put him in a nice warm stall for the night doesn't compare in care.
I have had horse for more then 50 years and never have I had a horse stand out in the bad weather , the cold weather over night and I never will.
Call me cruel for caring but I will not pasture board.
That said out the last year the horses have never one single day been confined to their stalls all day. Average is about 12 hours out, 12 hours in but again depends on the sun rise and the sun set.
As for cold, insulation is cheap and any stable insulated with horses stays about freezing with just the body heat of the horses.
If I close the door the temperatue at -18 or 0 F is about 38-40F .
I have to leave a door partly open to try and maintain 32F where I like it.