12-16-2012, 09:19 AM
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Did the foal get to nurse the mare before she died? If so, the foal should have gotten Colostrum from nursing her even once. If not, the foal will need one IV transfusion of IgG Solution. It is a concentrated form of Immunoglobulin and will give the foal all of the immunity it needs. Colostrum from other species like a cow or goat will not work. We keep horse colostrum frozen. It keeps for years. BUT, a foal can only absorb it the first few hours of life. After that, immunity must be given by IV only.
We have a couple of mares that will take any foals. I twitch them a couple of times and then they will take them. I have put a jacket over a mare's head and that works for some. Smearing fresh manure from the mare's foal helps for some. Others, you just have to put on milk replacer.
I will say, however, that you do not have to buy the very expensive horse milk replacer. I have raised several very healthy foals using the 'premium' calf milk replacer. I use Land O'Lakes Calf Milk Replacer that is 'pure white' (not pale yellow) and has no soy products in it. It is all milk product. I get them to drink it 'cool' (not warm) from a pan. They have all done great. We have never lost an orphan.
I never use a bottle because YOU become their mother and they are very maladjusted. Starting out with the pan, you can just leave them a bucket of milk. NEVER make a PET out of them. Switch the bucket out every few hours at first. In the summer, flies and heat are bad problems That should be a lot better this time of year.should