at first I lowered his food to 4 flakes a day....two in the morning, and two at night...but he finished that within maybe 20 minutes so we doubled it...so he's getting 8 flakes or one bale (whichever is smaller).
Hardly any grain...only a handful once a week if he does a good job that day.
Hardly any treats...maybe a carrot a week....hardly any treats.
He's an easy keeper...so he doesn't particually need grain at all....and he's not used to alot of treats (never got any from the last owner...or at least she said she didn't give him any)
As for excersize...I try to go up at least 3 times a week...sometimes four. Mondays, Tuesdays (if I have time), Thursdays, Sundays.
I'll usually ride anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours...depending on Sonny...if he's sweating before I get on (I keep him in the arena while I get ready to get on him, and he lots of just walk around and around,....and sometimes to the point where he sweats)...and I get off when he starts sweating hard.
I try not to over work him...when he seems slower and sluggish I'll get off, untack him, then walk him around to cool him off