Join Date: Oct 2009
Location: Just south of sanity
You're thinking of fraud, which really is the better legal definition than extortion or blackmail.
A false representation of a matter of fact—whether by words or by conduct, by false or misleading allegations, or by concealment of what should have been disclosed—that deceives and is intended to deceive another so that the individual will act upon it to her or his legal injury.
Fraud is commonly understood as dishonesty calculated for advantage. In the U.S. legal system, fraud is a specific offense with certain features.
Fraud is most common in the buying or selling of property including real estate and personal property, as well intangible property such as stocks, bonds, and copyrights. State and federal statutes criminalize fraud, but not all cases rise to the level of criminality. Prosecutors have discretion in determining which cases to pursue. Victims may also seek redress in civil court.
Fraud must be proved by showing that the defendant's actions involved five separate elements: (1) a false statement of a material fact, (2) knowledge on the part of the defendant that the statement is untrue, (3) intent on the part of the defendant to deceive the alleged victim, (4) justifiable reliance by the alleged victim on the statement, and (5) injury to the alleged victim as a result.
You want the truth? You can't HANDLE the truth!
Last edited by Speed Racer; 02-27-2013 at 04:53 PM.