I am against horse slaughter. WHY? Because it is inhumane, provides no economic benefit to the country, does NOT reduce the cases of abuse and neglect, and it essentially provides no benefit except for the monetary gain of the select few involved in the horse slaughter industry.
Okay, now let me support my statements.
1) Horse slaughter provides no economic benefit to the country.
A letter from Paula Bacon, of Kaufman, TX, where she was mayor, describes the economic impact of having a slaughter plant in the town: "A horse slaughter plant creates expensive environmental problems for tax payers [and] profoundly affects our crime rate" (Horse Slaughter - Mary Nash's Horse Slaughter Website
, "Mayor Paula Bacon Letter Regarding Horse Slaughter and the Effects on Her Community"). Bacon also stated that "had the slaughter plant not closed in 2007, our town would have been required to spend a minimum of $6 million...to build a new wastewater treatment plant" due to the large amounts of waste produced from the slaughter house. Also, toward the end of its operation, the Dallas Crown horse slaughter plant refused to pay the fines for the citations regarding their violations and instead, wanted separate trials regarding each citation. At one time, the plant owed $916,000 in potential fines. The trials were never resolved so the city was left to compensate for the multiple violations of the plant (pg. 4). Also, horse slaughter plants do not provide quality jobs or even many jobs in the first place. In 2006, no more than 178 jobs were supplied by all three of the slaughter houses in the United States. Also, they almost exclusively employed Hispanic immigrants (Horse Slaughter - Mary Nash's Horse Slaughter Website
, "Mayor Paula Bacon Letter Regarding Horse Slaughter..."). Dr. Temple Grandin also stated that horse employees who do the killing, bleeding, shackling, and driving should be rotated (grandin.com, "Behavior of Slaughter Plant and Auction Employees...") most likely due to the psychological stress of a job at a slaughter plant.
2) Horse slaughter does not reduce the cases of abuse and neglect.
When horse slaughter rates fell in the 1990's and early 2000's, there was no corresponding rise in neglect or abuse cases and Illinois neglect and abuse cases actually fell when the Cavel horse slaughter plant was temporarily shut down (homesforhorses.org, "Debunking the unwanted horse myth").
3) Horse slaughter is inhumane.
The entire process from being loaded onto overcrowded, double-decker stock trailers on a trip during which the horses are confined for up to 24 hours with no food, rest, or water (USDA, "Slaughter Horse Transport Program"; vetsforequinewelfare.org, "White Paper"), to the actual slaughtering process. While in double-decker stock trailers, horses are unable to put their heads up in a normal position due to the inadequate height of the ceiling. This frequently causes horses to slip and fall on the urine-covered floor due to their inability to balance. In the United States, the accepted method for rendering horses unconscious is called the penetrating captive bolt. The penetrating captive bolt is a device that shoots a metal rod into the brain of an animal. It was originally designed for cattle, whose brain is positioned more anterior in the skull than that of a horse. This causes issues in the efficacy of the method, often requiring multiple blows to render the horse unconscious. Although it can, under certain circumstances, be used efficiently by a veterinarian, slaughter houses do not use veterinarians (vetsforequinewelfare.org, "White Paper"). Also, for proper administration of this device, the horse's head must be adequately restrained to ensure accuracy (avma.org, "Guidelines on Euthanasia”). This does not happen in slaughter houses. Finally, the captive bolt method has been shown through electroencephalograph monitoring that it causes pain when administered (themodernreligion.com, "Islamic Method of Slaughtering Animals is Better - Scientific Reason") which is contrary to the AVMA's definition of humane euthanasia.
The Humane Society, "Facts on Horse Slaughter", The Facts on Horse Slaughter : The Humane Society of the United States
The Homes for Horses Coalition, "Horse Slaughter - The Facts", The Homes for Horses Coalition Horse Slaughter - The Facts