Feeding, Hay and Feed - The Horse Forum

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post #1 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 03:54 PM Thread Starter
Weanling
 
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Feeding, Hay and Feed

Alright.... soooo I've had horses for years, and have always went with on bale per horse. Being as I don't wiegh each bale theres often a bit of waste lol. So I've decided to start weighing out the hay before feeding.(they had a round bale in the field so hay all day... debating getting a new one because all four of them started to cough. Thinking maybe something to do with the hay because they didn't do it before. And now that the hays gone they're stopping) So what I've read is that the average 1000 pound horse should get 25 pounds of hay daily? Is the correct?

Also here what they're getting to eat

Boo: 16.3 hands, 2pounds feed morning and evening

Suzie: 15.7, 1pound morning 2 at night

Poohka: 15.2 1pound morning 2 at night

Koba: 10hands. 1cup morning 2cups night

The horses get a cup of whole corn in the evenings as well. I'll try and get picks to to show their current body shape. None seem thin or anything. And just wormed with Zimection Gold
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post #2 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 04:50 PM
Yearling
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
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I feed round bales but not free choice, I pull hay off the roll and sometimes it is really dusty. So it probably was dusty hay causing the coughing. When I get dusty hay I hose it before I disperse it, it is a pain but the rolls cost so much less then the bales.
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post #3 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 04:53 PM
Green Broke
 
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The problem with feeding round bales is that the outside isn't as good as the inside. Horses will bury their heads into the bale to get the better stuff. Any dust or mold can easily get breathed in while their heads are buried. Round bales are more prone to have mold since they are usually stored outside.

As far as their feed, what kind of feed are they they getting? Oats? Sweet feed? Each brand will vary too. How much protein? How much fat? Are they all being worked? How hard and often? A pasture pet will do fine with just hay. A performance horse rode daily and hard will need a lot more.
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post #4 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 05:06 PM
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Horses should get between 1.5% and 2.5% of their ideal body weight in forage daily (sometimes more if they're hard keepers and will eat that much), which would be 15-25 lbs for a 1000 lb horse.

I'd highly recommend removing the corn from their diet. Even though it's only 1 cup, it has no nutritive value and is almost entirely starch (which horses don't process well)

I can't say much about the other feed they're getting without knowing what kind it is, but you do want to make sure they're getting at least the minimum level on the package feeding directions to ensure they're getting enough nutrients. If they're below the recommended level and don't need to gain weight, you can switch to a lower calorie formula.
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post #5 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 05:07 PM Thread Starter
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They aren't on a comercial feed. They get cracked corn, barly, and oats. Mixed in equal amounts, and next shipment will have alfalfa pellets in it. Which they don't get during the summer while they have grass. I'd have to check because after getting it for awhile I didn't look at the book anymore. Pretty sure 14 percent protien

They used to be worked hard, every day. But now are rode maybe three times a week on trails. Usually much less. The pony has no work. But I'm more curious as to exactly how much hay, weight wise, they should be getting
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post #6 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 05:10 PM Thread Starter
Weanling
 
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I've heard that the corn takes longer to digest and therefor can help keep them warm in the colder weather????? Also I know the whole corn, and having to crunch it up helps wear down teeth between trimmings. Since I've started this the guy only has to do minimal work when he comes out once a year
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post #7 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 05:19 PM
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Most horses can do just fine on a hay and vit/min supplement and no grain. No don't think corn keeps them warm in cold weather. I used to feed oats but now I have a laminatic horse so had to ditch the oats.

If it wasnt for that id still be feeding oats heck of alot cheaper then what I do now. I could get 1,700 lbs of oats for 85 dollars lasted for the winter months. Still buy oats though other two horses can have them.....plus my rabbits.
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post #8 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 05:56 PM
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Cereal grains (corn, oats, barley) are all poorly digested by horses and very incomplete in terms of nutrition. Oats are the "lesser of the evils" as they are lowest in starch and digested better than corn and barley, but are still less than ideal.

Hay is what keeps horses warm in the winter, and if they already have free choice hay then they'll eat more as needed to stay warm.
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post #9 of 12 Old 10-28-2013, 06:14 PM
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Well I have fed oats for year along with grass hay and a vit/min and my horses looked great.now I have to feed alfalfa pellets to one horse and it 20 dollars for 50 lbs. Plus all the other stuff he gets.

Liked it before laminitis oats hay vit min simple and way cheaper.
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post #10 of 12 Old 10-29-2013, 09:12 AM
Green Broke
 
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Corn is terrible for horses. Whole grains aren't that great. Oats being the lesser of evils.

In the 1970's when I first started with my own horses the choices were whole grains or sweetfeed. Horses were done and old at 20 yrs. Now with the changes in feed they are living and staying productive into their 30's. Finding horses in their 40's is not unheard of now with a few individuals making it to 50.


Coughing from the hay? I'd look into finding better quality hay. I feed round bales and have no such problems.
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