11-10-2013, 10:06 PM
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To know what your horse needs for nutrition, you need to know what he's getting/will get from his basic diet first. Ideally a grass/hay analysis would be most accurate, but something like the FeedXL.com program can help you do a reasonable basic analysis without knowing this.
Grain may be a reasonable option for your horse, but it's generally problematic for horses, who can't digest it easily, and commonly develop gut problems from high starch. If you're going to feed grain, oats are a pretty good option, and other grains are variously more problematic. But there are other healthier options for more calories, if your horse needs extra, such as lucerne/alfalfa, beet pulp, soy hulls, etc.