I'm so overwhelmed with information about diets and nutrition and I don't even know where to start!
I have two horses a small draft and a light pony (a tiny horse). Both are over weight, both are overly hot. The diet they've been on for the past year was decided by the previous BO - I didn't know anything about any of it so I left it up to her. It's clearly not working. My draft mare is so overweight she has ripples all down her side just from turning her head. They're both very hot and flighty, spook over everything and nothing.
What they're on now:
My draft mare (15.2 hands, about 1350 pounds with a weight tape)
-2 cups alfalfa pellets
-2 cups crimped oats
MSM, Brewer's Yeast, and I just started her yesterday on Smart Omega 3 and Smart Calm Ultra - she's also got some access to grass, but not much and not long, so it's hay most of the day. She gets her grain split into two meals.
Her exercise is limited to none, she is horribly allergic to bugs (no doubt because of her diet) so hates going outside, even though she has an indoor/outdoor. My vet has helped me but doesn't know much about specific nutrition. She recommended I move her grain down to what I just listed (Which is 1/3 of what she was previously getting)
My pony, also very low exercise gets:
-1/2 cup crimped oats
-1/2 cup alfalfa pellets
MSM and Brewer's yeast, but I don't think he eats his supplements well as he flips his feeder over alot (and anything attached to the wall he puts his feet in and gets himself stuck), I think I need to get him one of those dog bowls with rolled over sides.
What I just listed is also reduced by 1/3 of what he was previously getting.
Both of them are still very hot and overweight. I've been told I can take them off grain completely, but then what would I need to supplement them? What are good supplements to use? My vet says the only thing hay in our area is typically deficient in is Selenium, which I believe is in their Brewer's yeast? Every time I hear about a new supplement I feel like I've been a bad parent because my horses don't get it! But I just don't know what they actually need.
Thanks for all your help, I just want to make sure they get everything they need - but not as much as they're getting. I've also begun being more consistent with their exercise and my mare is going to lunge or line-drive every day and my pony will start going for hikes with me more often. But they'll never have a real 'working horse' type exercise level.