08-19-2009, 02:04 PM
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For canter departure:
Outside leg slightly behind girth, inside leg at girth, lift ribcage (rider), be certain you're looking straight ahead (not on ground - look where you're going). If that doesn't do it weight outside butt cheek then as you slightly squeeze outside leg roll onto inside seat bone. Weight for canter is on inside seat bone - the "rocking" motion I mentioned above is good for teaching young horses to canter.
A horse's hip will follow the riders hips, your legs control his HIND legs, the reins control his shoulders and front end.
When horse is going clockwise (to right) then you ask for a right lead canter - so outside leg is rider's left leg. Reverse for cantering to the left.
Turn around on the forehand - is called a Turn on the forehand (TOF). First you have to make sure the horse has been taught to do this - you can test it out and teach it from the ground. Stand on left side of horse, bend neck slightly left using rein and push once where your heel would go (behind girth on left side) if you were asking for a TOF. If he takes 1 step pet him and let him know he did it correctly. Then do a push/release push/release until he keeps stepping away from your "leg" until you stop. Then mount and repeat from his back.
Then repeat it from the right side. And remember just because they do it in 1 direction doesn't mean they'll understand to do it in the other direction. Sideways movement is ALWAYS push stop pushing (release) never steady pressure. (Think of bumping horses side).
When you first teach a horse something you might have to give strong leg cues. If you're a good rider you'll eventually make the cues lighter and lighter so that you use more weight than leg or rein.
Turnaround on the hindquarters (Turn on the Haunches or TOH) is more advanced and you'll need to undersrtand how to do a shoulder in/shoulder fore and/or a haunches in to do the movement correctly.
As for a sidepass (do you mean leg yield or halfpass?) that uses similar cues to the TOH.