09-25-2011, 02:16 PM
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Telling you how to school a mare from scratch over the internet and without seeing the horse and you working with the horse is a tall order. But you asked for help.
As far as riding the horse is concerned it doesn’t matter much if you are going to ride western or English - the horse, especially a mare- doesn’t recognise the difference. The big problem for you is that you don’t know what to do.
The first thing to get the horse to accept is that you are the boss.
You do this by force of personality and tone of voice. You use your hands, not a stick.
The second thing is for her to understand what you are asking for
So you show it and you repeatedly show it want you want it to do.
The third thing is for her to obey and to do as she is told.
You ask, the horse obeys - because you asked.
You are aiming to bond with the horse. - you will become its mistress, its guardian and its friend.
You’ll have to find out how to do it, by trial and error. But don’t make too many mistakes, a horse has a long memory especially for doing what it shouldn’t.
You‘ll need a head collar, a long lead rope and a long stick.
A horse learns by rote - constant repetition.
You start by creating a routine - you work for 3/4s hour every day, same time, same routine.
First you work in hand, off the ground at the horse‘s head.
You walk, you say “whoah“, the horse stops
You say “walk on“, the horse walks. You say “whoah” and the horse stops
You say “stand” and the horse stands four square
You say “back up” and put your fingers against her chest and she backs up square.
You play this game every day, twice a day if possible, until the horse obeys fom very, very gentle pressure on the head collar thru the lead rope and your voice.
You are aiming for the horse to walk at your shoulder, in step with you on a loose rein.
When you let her out into her paddock you give her a carrot - she’s been a good girl.
When you collect her, she comes up, drops her head and allows you to fit her head collar.
When you walk back to the training are, she follows you at the shoulder without pulling
There is to be no anger, no aggression, no force.
There is to be patience and persistence.
Remember the horse can spot you from 200 yards by the way you walk.
It can tell from your breath what you ate for breakfast.
It can tell if you had an argument with your boy friend from the smell of your skin.
In return remember a mare has seasons and sometimes during the warmer months she is completely and utterly neurotic. Forgive her, she doesn’t have control over her hormones.
When you have her responding to your voice, you work her off the lunge. She goes round and round in circles at the walk, the trot, the canter. She obeys slight pulls on the lead rope and your voice. You spend 5 mins going one way, then you spend 5 mins going the other. Then5 mins right, then 5 mins left.
You work her every day for at least half an hour.
You make her sweat - (which of course you wash off afterwards)
You groom the horse everyday - even if she is clean.
She pick out the hooves every day.
You buy her fly repellent - or fit a face mask
You protect her from flies. They bite, they cause swellings. They make the horse irritable.
If the sun is too fierce you erect for her a field shelter to allow her to get out of the sun.
She must have a constant supply of clean water.
You feed her a little bit in the morning. You feed her a little bit in the evening.
You quit with the oats - phone you local animal feed vendor and ask for a substitute - say sugar beet, or dry chopped hay.
You give her access to grass or hay or whatever grows in your dustbowl which the vet approves of.
You ask the vet whether the horse needs inoculation
You ask a farrier if the horse needs shoes.
You ask a horse dentist to look at the teeth.
You look around the head to see if the bridle leaves rub marks
You check the horse’s back and girth to see if the saddle fits.
In a hot sweaty climate you wash the horse once a week.
If you had bought a young completely unschooled horse you would have worked up to backing the creature whereas you have already backed it and ridden it before you’ve schooled it. So now you have to go back to the beginning and do what you should have done in the first place.
The hundred dollar question is whether you have the time and patience to go through this process. But without doing it, your horse will run rings around you. Mounting up and sitting on the horse is the easy bit - getting the horse to do instantly what you ask of it, is the tricky bit. There is no quick route to training a horse. It takes patience and persistence.
What do you think?