Originally Posted by Skyseternalangel View Post
Balking is when a horse refuses to go forward. Swatting them on the rump is one way to get them to move forward. Another way is to make forward the easy option. Instead do lateral work (leg yielding, turn on haunches, turn on forehand, sidepassing), circling, etc. is another good option.
Think every action must be a correction if they're doing something you don't like/allow. The fact she bowled you over shows she has as much respect for you as a wooden scratching post. That isn't much, btw.
^^^This. If my horse refuses to move off my leg, I'll use work that will move their feet sideways, if they don't want to go forwards. I guess a simple way to 'explain' lateral work is moving sideways off your leg while still maintaining forward motion (this is a very basic explanation). Technically, leg-yielding isn't a lateral movement because it has no bend (which is required for lateral movements, it is more of a precursor to lateral work, imo).
Since I suck at explaining things, here are some videos I like that explains leg-yielding well. Start the leg yield at the walk until you figure it out. The aids are the same as they would be at the trot.
For learning/teaching turn on the forehand, I would bring the horse to halt. You will be moving the haunches around the forehand here - for the sake of explanation let's say you're moving the haunches left. Flex the horse's nose to the right slightly (so you can see the corner of his right eye). Keeping the flexion, press with your right leg (inside leg) to move the haunches to the left. Use your left leg and rein (through keeping your leg on lightly and "squeezing" your left rein[half-halt]) to restrict the movement and so he takes a couple small steps. Maintain your flexion to the right throughout. If he backs up go immediately forward (however, forward movement is okay - this is really what we want from this horse in the end anyways with his unwillingness to travel forward).
SO (recap): right flexion, right leg on and pressing/asking for the haunches to move left, left leg and rein on to keep the movement controlled.
I hope that made some sense
Sidepass is like a leg-yield, but without the forward. You would move the horse directly sideways opposed to sideways and forwards. The aids are essentially the same. This may actually be a better place for you to start. It will be easier to organize your aids without going forward as well.
If my horse nudged me nearly over he would be in a world of trouble. I would suggest backing him away from you when he's rude like that and making him yield to you. Move his forehand away from you (like a turn on the haunches) and move his haunches (the same manner as a ridden turn on the forehand, press on his belly to move his butt away) for example. You can do any of this on the ground, as ground work, but you may need a helper until you understand the ground work a bit better.
Good luck! If you need me to explain better I'll do my best. I hope that helped you out. You sound like your off to a good start and have some knowledgable people you can pick the brains of!