The map is distorted because is tries to take a round thing and put it on a flat surface and this causes distortions unless you purposely compensate. That's why you'll see those maps that cut the world up into like orange peelings shaped, connected along the equator.
I'm one of the people from "deathly" Washington state. (funny, but I think I am alive). Anyway, it is cold here due to the bone chilling damp. Much harder to deal with than dry brisk cold.
I bought some "cozy toes" from Cashel this year, but only fit my dressage saddle. They do make them for Western saddles, too. They fit over the stirru and if you line them with sheepskin, I think they will be warm.
I have a question for you snow folks; When you ride in the snow, how do you keep it from balling up inside the hoof and literally creating a ball under the horse;s foot? Our snow is damp and compresses beautifully. Makes awesome snowballs, but sticks in the hoof. I rode once in the snow last year and put vaseline on his hoof first, but still aborted the ride due to too much snow packed inside hoof. Advice, please?