Join Date: Dec 2015
Location: The land of the Friesians
Every KFPS aproved stallion is DNA tested, and if he scores possitive on one of the genetic conditions they reject the horse as a stud. The annual inspection contains multiple 'stages' of inspection. In november there is the 'first visit' where the judges judge over 300 horses on their conformation, walk and trot. Of those 300, 180 make ik trough to the second visit wich is on the stallion inspection on thursday. Again they will be judged on conformation, walk, trot and character. The horses who make it to the third inspection have their complete DNA unraffled and their semen tested on quality. If they pass the third inspection and the labtest they go to an trainingcentre for 2 months, to test their abilities as dressage, carriage and 'tuig' horse. And if they pass the final test, they are finally an approved stallion. The studbook approves approximately 5 stallions per year. Stallions with 'rare' bloodlines are more prefered than stallions with a hyped dam (such stallions are Jasper and Beart) and have a bigger chance to become a studbook stallion.
The disorders find their origins in the inbreeding in the early 1900's when there were just 3 stallions left of the friesian breed. Farmers back then prefered a cross between the friesian and the 'bovenlander' (a heavy warmblood breed wich was in the same studbook. In 1906 the studbook decided to abolish the separation between the 2 breeds) and the pure Friesian began to extinct. Friesian breeders decided to try to save the breed and set up the modern studbook the KFPS (first known for FPS, the K stands for Koninklijke wich means royal). With only 3 stalions left, you can imagine the inbreeding% was huge, but the Friesians made their come back. But after the World War 2 they experinced a second almost-extinction as machine's took over (and people had no money left for any 'luxury' such as horses), the number of all registred Friesians shrunk from 5000 to 800 in just 5 years. Today, the studbook and the breeders try their very best to reduce the inbreeding%. The lower the %, the bigger the chance to get an 'star premium' or to get the horse on the top 100 list of the lowest inbreeding%.
Whoops, sorry for the huge explanation. I got a little excited haha