1) Poll; The poll is the bony prominence lying between the ears. Except for the ears, it is the highest point on the horses body when it is standing with its head up. 2) Crest; Moderately lean in mares but inclined to be more full in stallions. Curved topline of the neck. 3) Forehead; The forehead should be broad, full and flat. 4) Nostrils ; The nostrils should be capable of wide dilation to permit the maximum inhalation of air, yet be rather fine. 5) Muzzle; The head should taper to a small muzzle, the lips should be firm and the lower lip should not have the tendency to sag. 6) Point of Shoulder ; The point of shoulder is a hard, bony prominence surrounded by heavy muscle masses. 7) Breast; The Breast is a muscle mass between the forelegs, covering the front of the chest. Back to Top 8) Chest; An ideal chest is deep and contains the space necessary for vital organs. A narrow chest can lead to interference with the front legs. Chest muscles should be well developed and form an inverted "V". The prominence of chest muscling depends on the breed. 9) Forearm; The forearm should be well muscled, it extends from the elbow to the knee. 10) Knee; The knee is the joint between the forearm and the cannon bone. 11) Coronet; The coronet is the band around the top of the hoof from which the hoof wall grows. 12) Hoof; The hoof refers to the horny wall and the sole of the foot. The foot includes the horny structure and the pedal bones and navacular bones, as well as other connective tissue. 13) Pastern; The pastern extends from the fetlock to the top of the hoof. 14) Sesamoid; 15) Flexor Tendons; The flexor tendons run from the knee to the fetlock and can be seen prominently lying behind the cannon bone, when it runs parallel to the cannon bone it constitutes the desired "flat bone". Back to Top 16) Fetlock; The fetlock is the joint between the cannon bone and the pastern. The fetlock joint should be large and clean. 17) Cannon; The cannon bone lies between the knee and fetlock joint, and is visible from the front of the leg. It should be straight. 18) Underline; 19) Hock; The hock is the joint between the gaskin and the cannon bone, in the rear leg. The bony protuberance at the back of the hock is called the point of hock. 20) Gaskin; The gaskin is the region between the stifle and the hock. 21) Stifle; The stifle is the joint at the end of the thigh corresponding to the human knee. 22) Flank; The flank is the area below the loin, between the last rib and the massive muscles of the thigh. 23) Loin; The loin or coupling is the short area joining the back to the powerful muscular croup ( rump). 24) Croup; The croup (rump) lies between the loin and the tail. When one is looking from the side or back, it is the highest point of the hindquarters. 25) Back; The back extends from the base of the withers to where the last rib is attached. Back to Top 26) Withers; The withers is the prominent ridge where the neck and the back join. At the withers, powerful muscles of the neck and shoulders attach to the elongated spines of the second to sixth thoracic vertebrae. The height of a horse is measured vertically from the withers to the ground, because the withers is the horse's highest constant point. 27) Throat Latch; The neck should be fine at the throat latch to allow the horse ease of flexation. 28) Neck; Lightweight horses should have reasonably long necks for good appearance and proper balance. It should blend smoothly into the withers and the shoulders and not appear to emerge between the front legs. 29) Shoulder; Shoulders should be overlain with lean, flat muscle and blend well into the withers. 30) Barrel; The barrel should be narrower at the shoulders and widen at the point of coupling (loins). 31) Girth; This is the point that a horses should be measured to determine the heart girth which can be used to determine the horses weight. 32) Elbow; The elbow is a bony prominence lying against the chest at the beginning of the forearm. 33) Hindquarters; The hindquarters give power to the horse. They should be well muscled when viewed from the side and rear.
A: the ability to move on to bigger & better things (if its at the lower levels)
B: is able to adapt and overcome obstacles I.e. If he doesn't meet the obstacle right or it's a difficult jump for one reason or another the horse will give it a real good (and usually successful) attempt.
C: if the horse is more experienced - that it is capable of jumping safetly and accurately over big courses.
Laminitis is the inflammation of the Laminae bone in the horses feet. This is generally caused by stress, concussion, too much protein in diet or over eating. Founder is a term used to describe when the coffin bone (also in the foot) rotates "sinks" into the sole due to the mass amount of pressure placed on the sole puncturing it.
Founder is originally a term used by sailors when a ship sinks...hence the term founder used in this instance.
So laminitis and founder are terms used interchangeably....
Laminitis being the condition....Founder an "event" that can occur during a laminitis incident.
Here's a few for a good start for beginers
Foal- baby horse
Weanling- Horse that has been weaned or taken off of mothers milk
Yearling- horse that is a year old.
Colt- young BOY horse
Filly- young GIRL horse
Mare- Older GIRL horse
Stallion- Older BOY horse that isnt "fixed"
Gelding- Boy horse that has been "fixed"
Brood Mare- a GIRL horse used for breeding
I have mentioned before John Fort Paillard's book "Understanding Equitation".
He takes a whole book to describe a dozen or so key terms used in equitation - the study of horsemanship. Find a second hand copy. - the man himself is long gone.
It is very difficult for the amateur writer to describe in words some of the terms used in horsemanship. Much of the time the words used - say 'impulsion', 'contact', 'collection', 'post', etc etc have a specialist meaning when used in connection with horses, so a novice will think they know what has been said or written but in fact they don't. Always keep this possibility in mind. So if you get a reply either written or verbal from an instructor or another writer, then go back to the speaker and confirm that what you understood to be the meaning was in fact correct.
One problem with books written by well known tutors of equitation is that they mostly are not writers, they understand themselves what they wrote but very often the pupil, or the reader, doesn't. Worse, you'll find different people have different ideas as to what a word means.
Some of the article I have written for Horse Forum I have posted on a writing
Forum to check how my wording has come across to someone who is not knowledgeable about horses. I have often been surprised to receive a comment like "too much technical jargon" in articles where I had thought I had been perfectly plain in what I was trying to say or write.
Recently I started to read again a book on Msr Baucher, a very famous horsemaster who lived in France in the 19th century. The author who is knowledgeable about horses had translated Baucher's French words into English. I simply can't understand much of what has been written and I am not talking about French words such as "rassembler" and "ramener".
Sadly, there is no short cut to learning about horses. Only time and experience will show you how to handle them, ride them and teach them.
Asking questions, sometimes the same question several times, of someone whose judgement or knowledge you believe to be knowledgeable is the only way to eventually come clear in your mind. Always be open minded enough to accept that maybe you have not yet reached the correct understanding of a technical term.
Try working out what 'on the bit' means and just how do you get the horse to do 'on the bit' and why is it important to try.
What does 'on the forehand' mean? How can you recognize it?
Try explaining to a novice how to 'rise to the trot'
Personally I find that putting an answer in print helps to clarify one's mind.
If then you leave that answer for a day or two and go back and re read your response to the original question, you'll realize just how difficult writing about horses can be.
But that is one of the fascinations about this sport.
Hi. It's me again. DumbWriter. Sorry I've been away, unable to annoy you guys. Got lost in a sea of stubborn words.
Anyway, I have a few questions tonight and have tried to find the best place for them.
A while ago, elsewhere on the web, I came across a list of slurs for horses. Some I can use in my novel, some may not fit well. Do you have any to add?
Bloodweed (please explain this one?)
Out to pasture
Old gray mare