how to trailer...the basics please:) - The Horse Forum
LinkBack Thread Tools
post #1 of 12 Old 07-22-2012, 08:46 PM Thread Starter
Join Date: Aug 2011
Posts: 37
• Horses: 1
how to trailer...the basics please:)

Hello, so basically I know very little about trailering but would like to learn as much as I can..
I'm familiar with the loading/unloading although I haven't had much experience with it.
Could you just tell me all the basics like how to hitch up, parts you need, safety checks, brakes, etc.

Thank youuu!
horsesaremylyfe is offline  
Sponsored Links
post #2 of 12 Old 07-22-2012, 09:02 PM
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Iowa
Posts: 6,051
• Horses: 0
Originally Posted by horsesaremylyfe View Post
Hello, so basically I know very little about trailering but would like to learn as much as I can..
I'm familiar with the loading/unloading although I haven't had much experience with it.
Could you just tell me all the basics like how to hitch up, parts you need, safety checks, brakes, etc.

Thank youuu!
they vary from different brands and hitch styles. Whenever I have bought a trailer if I didn't know how to hook it up I had the seller show me.

Last edited by churumbeque; 07-22-2012 at 09:03 PM. Reason: sp
churumbeque is offline  
post #3 of 12 Old 07-22-2012, 09:26 PM
Green Broke
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Surry, Va
Posts: 4,712
• Horses: 0
this is way beyond a forum post. You need to find someone to help you and go with you a few times.
themacpack, waresbear and mind like this.
Joe4d is offline  
post #4 of 12 Old 07-22-2012, 09:30 PM Thread Starter
Join Date: Aug 2011
Posts: 37
• Horses: 1
haha...yes I know - I definately wasn't planning on going the first time on my own - I was just looking to see what I can learn by reading stuff online and in books first
horsesaremylyfe is offline  
post #5 of 12 Old 07-22-2012, 10:02 PM
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: Tri-State (IA, WI, IL) area
Posts: 788
• Horses: 7
Open trailer, insert horse, close trailer, drive.

Sorry, I couldn't resist!

Your best bet is to go to a trailer dealer or mechanic and have them give you a demo on whichever trailer you're liking. But I'll give you a run-down on the terminology here, anyway.

Hitching up:
Varies by the type of hitch you have.
Bumper pull is where the trailer is hooked onto a ball attached on/near your vehicle's bumper. Usually these are easiest to hitch up to with a spotter to tell you "Go left, now go right, now you're too far right" etc, at least until you're used to it.
Gooseneck is where the ball is located in the bed of a truck. Like a bumper pull, this can be easier if you have a spotter, but I find it easier, since you can sort of see the ball.
Fifth-wheel is not as common, but it's out there. You ever see a semi truck driving around without the trailer attached? That big flat vaguely horse-hoof shaped plate is the receiver for a fifth-wheel hitch; the ball is on the trailer. Like the gooseneck, the plate is in the bed of your truck, and can be even easier to hitch up to, IMO.
(Note that you hear gooseneck and fifth wheel used interchangeably a lot. It's a pet peeve of mine, though, so I always specify. )

The trailer receiver will have some sort of mechanism to 'lock' around the ball to keep it from hopping off. This varies by trailer, and I've even seen some that work automatically, but even in that case make doubly sure that it's engaged correctly!
Every trailer ought to have safety chains - big chains attached to the trailer near the receiver, and with hook on the end to snap them to an attachment on either side of the ball. These are for if something goes wrong and the receiver does hop off the ball -- they'll be sort of a last resort hold to keep the trailer from completely detaching, so make sure they're not a rusty, brittle mess!
If your trailer has electric brakes, then there's a little loop of some sort that goes around the ball hitch and, in the event of your trailer detaching, this will yank out of it's port on the trailer and engage the trailer's brakes so it doesn't run away from you. Make sure the cord isn't likely to snap, isn't tangled up in the safety chains, and yank it out of the trailer once or twice to be sure it's not jammed there. This is also handy in making sure your trailer brakes are actually working correctly!

Safety Checks
Mechanically, the safest you can be is to make sure you have a mechanic go over it regularly.
As for easy at-home checks.... it's a lot like taking care of your car! Make sure the tires are well inflated, nothing looks like it will fall off, stomp around the floors and be sure there aren't any weak spots (If you have rubber floor mats, make sure to take them out and check the floor underneath too!), regular washing (especially in the horse area -- make sure you at least shovel/hose it out after every use), check the points where you tie your horses to be sure they won't break off, check all over to make sure there's nothing a horse/person could cut itself on. And don't forget to maintain your vehicle!
Every time you go to haul, make doubly sure that the trailer is hitched correctly (see above), all of the lights work, and (if applicable) your brakes work.

Personally, I see (trailer) brakes as optional for small (like, two-horse) trailers being hauled by a sufficiently large vehicle and driven by someone experienced. If you're not very experienced with hauling, trailer brakes are amazing.... once you learn how to adjust them properly. And that is something that varies so much by trailer and by controller (which is the piece in your vehicle that tells the trailer brakes how much force to apply) that you'd be best off asking that previously mentioned mechanic.

Types of Horse trailers
Your most basic type is the stock trailer. These have a big open space, sometimes with a swing gate about halfway back to divide it into sections. There are generally open slats that run the length of the trailer near the top of the walls to serve as windows -- some have plexiglass/etc over them, some are just open. These trailer offer a lot more room for claustrophobic horses, and they can comfortably stand in whichever direction they like. Some people tie, some just leave them free roaming in the trailer.

Slant loads are quite common. The horses are loaded standing at an angle, and depending on the exact makeup of the trailer, the horse might be required to walk into the stall without a person at it's head, and then back out of the trailer on command. Most slant loads have drop down windows that the horse can stick it's head out of (but never leave these windows open while you drive down the road!), some with bars or nets that allow you to leave the window open but prevent the horse from hanging it's head out (you can usually get these aftermarket, too). Most also have some sort of tack room -- a small triangular room is common at the back of the trailer, as well as a somewhat larger one at the front.
There are also a few varieties (like my own) that have removable dividers for the stalls and a collapsible rear tack, so you can convert it into a stock trailer.

Straight loads are common as two-horse trailers, though they certainly come larger. They'll usually have a hay manger up front, and the horse must walk straight in, and then back out when you're ready to unload.

You can also get a trailer with a ramp or a step up. Ramps are nice for horses that are clumsy, and resistant to loading, but the ramps can also be cumbersome to raise and lower, plus you have to make sure there's room to set it up.

There are varying opinions on how a horse 'prefers' to stand in a trailer, and what's most comfortable for them, but I'm of the opinion that it differs by horse -- one of my mares will stand facing front every chance she has, while my two older mares always stand at a slant or sideways, and my geldings like to face the back of the trailer!
There's also a matter of how big your horse is. Very tall horses can feel cramped or hit their heads in a "standard" height trailer, so look for a taller one. Large drafts likely aren't going to fit in the stalls of your usual straight or slant load. Small ponies might be able to slip underneath the dividers in some straight or slant loads. For this reason, I have a slant with a high ceiling and the dividers removed, to safely and comfortably fit my horses that range from 11-16hh.

As for the matter of whether or not to tie your horse or not... it largely depends on preference, your horse, and your type of trailer. I don't suggest leaving horses loose in a stock-type, because they might tend to wander and could end up standing at a spot that would cause the weight to be unevenly distributed, making the trailer haul awkwardly.
If you tie them up, make sure they have enough slack that, should they fall, they wouldn't be dangling by their halter and would have a chance of getting up again; but don't leave so much loose rope that they could wrap it around something. It's also handy to make sure you would be able to untie them from outside the trailer if need be.

It's likely I forgot something, so maybe someone else can point that out, or you can feel free to ask~
loveduffy and Chevaux like this.
RubaiyateBandit is offline  
post #6 of 12 Old 07-23-2012, 04:12 AM
Join Date: Dec 2011
Location: South-Central PA
Posts: 96
• Horses: 0
Remember to load horses from front to back and left to right. So, if you only have one horse, load it on the left side of a straight load trailer and at the front of a slant/stock. And if there's an obvious weight difference in horses, load the heavier one on the left.

You say that you're familiar with loading/unloading but absolutely remember to always have the horse untied before you unlatch a butt bar on a straight load trailer. Especially if you're unloading by yourself. The horse thinks it's free to back up and then panics when they get stopped by the halter. It can happen to any horse. They are thinking so hard about having to back up and don't really remember that their heads are tied.
Posted via Mobile Device
Chevaux likes this.
callidorre is offline  
post #7 of 12 Old 07-25-2012, 11:39 PM
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Michigan
Posts: 263
• Horses: 3
Callidorre, why is it that the heaviest horse goes on the left? I haven't heard this.
bnayc is offline  
post #8 of 12 Old 07-26-2012, 12:36 AM
Join Date: May 2012
Location: Midwest, USA
Posts: 688
• Horses: 0
if you are driving practice backing an empty trailer, its a bit mind boggling at 1st, give your self lots of breaking room and Slow is always better!!

Horsepower: the extraordinary capacity of a horse to elevate the human spirit!

My castle is my barn ;)
eclipseranch is offline  
post #9 of 12 Old 07-26-2012, 12:52 AM
Join Date: Dec 2011
Location: South-Central PA
Posts: 96
• Horses: 0
It supposedly has to do with the level of the road. The middle of the road is always a little higher from when the construction crews put down asphault or whatever roads are made out of. The center gets overlapped from each side getting filled. So, you want to have more weight on that side, rather than being pulled down to the outside.
Posted via Mobile Device
loveduffy likes this.
callidorre is offline  
post #10 of 12 Old 07-26-2012, 11:16 AM
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Michigan
Posts: 263
• Horses: 3
Oh that makes perfect sense! Than you for sharing that.
Posted via Mobile Device
bnayc is offline  

Quick Reply

Register Now

In order to be able to post messages on the The Horse Forum forums, you must first register.

Already have a Horse Forum account?
Members are allowed only one account per person at the Horse Forum, so if you've made an account here in the past you'll need to continue using that account. Please do not create a new account or you may lose access to the Horse Forum. If you need help recovering your existing account, please Contact Us. We'll be glad to help!

New to the Horse Forum?
Please choose a username you will be satisfied with using for the duration of your membership at the Horse Forum. We do not change members' usernames upon request because that would make it difficult for everyone to keep track of who is who on the forum. For that reason, please do not incorporate your horse's name into your username so that you are not stuck with a username related to a horse you may no longer have some day, or use any other username you may no longer identify with or care for in the future.

User Name:
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.


Confirm Password:
Email Address
Please enter a valid email address for yourself.

Email Address:


Human Verification

In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.

Old Thread Warning
This thread is more than 90 days old. When a thread is this old, it is often better to start a new thread rather than post to it. However, If you feel you have something of value to add to this particular thread, you can do so by checking the box below before submitting your post.

Thread Tools
Show Printable Version Show Printable Version
Email this Page Email this Page

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Learning the Basics BoredHorseFan Horse Talk 4 01-06-2012 04:21 PM
The basics momo3boys Horse Riding 3 01-07-2011 08:44 PM
What are some basics? White Foot Dressage 8 06-17-2010 06:00 AM
This is why we learn the basics... chelssss(: Horse Videos 42 10-25-2009 07:16 AM

Posting Rules  
You may post new threads
You may post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On

For the best viewing experience please update your browser to Google Chrome