Canter and gallop, differense?

       The Horse Forum > Training Horses > Horse Training

Canter and gallop, differense?

This is a discussion on Canter and gallop, differense? within the Horse Training forums, part of the Training Horses category
  • jump canter or gallop
  • Word for cantor and gallop

LinkBack Thread Tools
    11-16-2008, 06:56 PM
Canter and gallop, differense?

I suspect the word for canter and gallop is the same in swedish, or else I've missed a big part, or we're just not having the same point of view.

What exactly is the differense between a canter and a gallop? :)
Sponsored Links
    11-16-2008, 07:00 PM
Green Broke
They are different gates. Here ya go...copy and paste from wikipedia lol

The canter is a controlled, three-beat gait that usually is a bit faster than the average trot, but slower than the gallop. Listening to a horse canter, one can usually hear the three beats as though a drum had been struck three times in succession. Then there is a rest, and immediately afterwards the three-beat occurs again. The faster the horse is moving, the longer the suspension time between the three beats.[7]
In the canter, one of the horse's rear legs – the right rear leg, for example – propels the horse forward. During this beat, the horse is supported only on that single leg while the remaining three legs are moving forward. On the next beat the horse catches itself on the left rear and right front legs while the other hind leg is still momentarily on the ground. On the third beat, the horse catches itself on the left front leg while the diagonal pair is momentarily still in contact with the ground.[7]
The more extended foreleg is matched by a slightly more extended hind leg on the same side. This is referred to as a "lead". Except in special cases, such as the counter-canter, it is desirable for a horse to lead with its inside legs when on a circle. Therefore, a horse that begins cantering with the right rear leg as described above will have the left front and hind legs each land farther forward. This would be referred to as being on the "left lead".[7]
When a rider is added to the horse's natural balance, the question of the lead becomes more important. When riding in an enclosed area such as an arena, the correct lead provides the horse with better balance. The rider typically signals the horse which lead to take when moving from a slower gait into the canter. In addition, when jumping over fences, the rider typically signals the horse to land on the correct lead to approach the next fence or turn. The rider can also request the horse to deliberately take up the wrong lead (counter-canter), a move required in some dressage competitions and routine in polo, which requires a degree of collection and balance in the horse. The switch from one lead to another while moving in a straight line is called the "flying lead change" or "flying change". This switch is also a feature of dressage and reining schooling and competition.
If a horse is leading with one front foot but the opposite hind foot, it produces an awkward rolling movement, called a cross-canter, disunited canter or "cross-firing."
The word is commonly said to be short for "Canterbury-gallop", but it may come from an expression meaning "corner-gallop".[citation needed]
See also: lead (leg) and lead change
[edit] Gallop

The suspension phase, seen in the canter and the gallop

In motion

Le derby d'Epsom, painting by Théodore Géricault, 1821

The gallop is very much like the canter, except that it is faster, more ground-covering, and the three-beat canter changes to a four-beat gait. It is the fastest gait of the horse, averaging about 25 to 30 miles per hour (40 to 50 km/h), and in the wild is used when the animal needs to flee from predators or simply cover short distances quickly. Horses seldom will gallop more than a mile or two before they need to rest, though horses can sustain a moderately-paced gallop for longer distances before they become winded and have to slow down.[8]
The gallop is also the gait of the classic race horse. Modern Thoroughbred horse races are seldom longer than a mile and a half, though in some countries Arabian horses are sometimes raced as far as two and a half miles. The fastest galloping speed is achieved by the American quarter horse, which in a short sprint of a quarter mile or less has been clocked at speeds approaching 55 mph (88 km/h).
Like a canter, the horse will strike off with its non-leading hind foot; but the second stage of the canter becomes, in the gallop, the second and third stages because the inside hind foot hits the ground a split second before the outside front foot. Then both gaits end with the striking off of the leading leg, followed by a moment of suspension when all four feet are off the ground. A careful listener or observer can tell an extended canter from a gallop by the presence of the fourth beat.[8]
Contrary to the old "classic" paintings of running horses, which showed all four legs stretched out in the suspension phase, when the legs are stretched out, at least one foot is still in contact with the ground. When all four feet are off the ground, the legs are bent rather than extended.
According to Equix, who analyzed the biometrics of racing thoroughbreds, the average racing colt has a stride length of 24.6 feet; that of Secretariat, for instance, was 24.8 feet, which was probably part of his success.
A controlled gallop used to show a horse's ground-covering stride in horse show competition is called a "gallop in hand" or a hand gallop.[8]
Note that when a horse jumps over a fence, the legs are stretched out while in the air, and the front legs hit the ground before the hind legs, which is completely different from the suspended phase of a gallop. Essentially, the horse takes the first two steps of a galloping stride on the take-off side of the fence, and the other two steps on the landing side. A horse has to collect its hindquarters after a jump to strike off into the next stride.[9]
    11-16-2008, 07:02 PM
A canter is a three beat gait and a gallop is a four beat gait.
Canter = back outside, back inside + outside front, then inside front
Gallop = outside back, inside back, outside front, inside front
    11-16-2008, 07:04 PM
I think I know...
I think.. that canter in swedish is gallop, and gallop in swedish is fyrsprång..
But we generally just call it gallop all the time..Oo Dunno why really, only heard fyrsprång.. like.. two or three times in my life..O__o
And we say horses has three gaits, not four.. so I guess we don't see it as a special gait but just as a kind of gallop... like ''skolgallopp'' (very collected and slow canter)...
    11-16-2008, 07:54 PM
Green Broke
Awww that makes sense :)
    11-16-2008, 08:07 PM
I've noticed also, in some shows...especially western shows...they consider a past paced canter as a gallop. During a Western Obedience class, htey called for a horse took off in a real gallop, where the others were just at a really fast canter...and none were elminated...and the horse that was doing the real gallop got eliminated shortly after.

But free sprtd had a great explination of it
    11-16-2008, 11:41 PM
Free sprtd had it right. Most of the people I know (Texas cowboys and ranchhands) don't even refer to a canter, we call it a lope (short for gallop I suppose) and call the faster gait a run. I didn't even know what a canter was until I was nearly 15 and I have been riding my whole life. I guess there are lots of different ways to describe the same thing.
    11-16-2008, 11:44 PM
I suppose there is..:P
No wonder I found it confusing XD
    11-17-2008, 10:12 PM
Originally Posted by smrobs    
free sprtd had it right. Most of the people I know (Texas cowboys and ranchhands) don't even refer to a canter, we call it a lope (short for gallop I suppose) and call the faster gait a run. I didn't even know what a canter was until I was nearly 15 and I have been riding my whole life. I guess there are lots of different ways to describe the same thing.
I was always taught that lope and canter are the same thing, just western vs english terminology. Same for jog (western) and trot (english).

However, some people are taught that the jog and lope are simply much slower versions of the trot and canter, such as those seen in western pleasure competitions. Guess not everyone agrees on some of the terms. :)

Quick Reply
Please help keep the Horse Forum enjoyable by reporting rude posts.

Register Now

In order to be able to post messages on the The Horse Forum forums, you must first register.

Already have a Horse Forum account?
Members are allowed only one account per person at the Horse Forum, so if you've made an account here in the past you'll need to continue using that account. Please do not create a new account or you may lose access to the Horse Forum. If you need help recovering your existing account, please Contact Us. We'll be glad to help!

New to the Horse Forum?
Please choose a username you will be satisfied with using for the duration of your membership at the Horse Forum. We do not change members' usernames upon request because that would make it difficult for everyone to keep track of who is who on the forum. For that reason, please do not incorporate your horse's name into your username so that you are not stuck with a username related to a horse you may no longer have some day, or use any other username you may no longer identify with or care for in the future.

User Name:
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.
Confirm Password:
Email Address
Please enter a valid email address for yourself.
Email Address:


Human Verification

In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.

Old Thread Warning
This thread is more than 90 days old. When a thread is this old, it is often better to start a new thread rather than post to it. However, If you feel you have something of value to add to this particular thread, you can do so by checking the box below before submitting your post.

Thread Tools

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
HELP!!!!! Afraid to GALLOP!! DutchHorse Horse Riding Critique 17 08-26-2009 03:13 PM
how to gallop sempre_cantando Horse Riding 6 09-09-2008 12:00 PM
at a canter Kirsti Arndt English Riding 27 07-16-2008 05:24 PM
Need Help with Canter! Please Help Spastic_Dove Horse Training 9 05-27-2008 02:45 PM
how do you ask for a gallop? lakotalegend15 Horse Training 6 11-12-2007 07:56 PM

All times are GMT -4. The time now is 05:05 PM.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.5
Copyright ©2000 - 2015, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Search Engine Friendly URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0