I have just recently started working with a horse that is new to me about 1 month ago. I have been working on collecting while at the walk and trot.I have also been working on backing up. But I am a bit confused and I feel as if my horse is too. My trainer has told me that in when you start your horse off from a stop to a walk or trot you should put pressure with your feet (which is obvious) then (for a horse that doesnt know how to collect yet, aka my horse) put pressure on the bridle until the horses head collects. And the horse should move forward while keeping collected.
But, then my trainer told me in order to teach my horse to back up I need to first pull back on the reins slightly (which has the same effect as collecting the horse) then if the horse doesnt automatically back up put pressure on him with your legs and he shoudl back up because thta is the only way to go because essentialy there is a "brick wall" in front of him.
So after all that explaining my problem is those 2 ways for 2 totally different things are very similar so sometimes when I mean for my horse to go forward he ends up going backward. What am I doing wrong? Are these the wrong cues to use? How did you guys signal for your horse to move forward and collect? What about go backward? Thanks for the help!!