Differentiating between cues
I am working with my horse who is being trained under saddle (he is four) and the LAST thing I want is for him to be bridle-dependent. However, there are so many cues and I have no idea how to make it possible for him to differentiate without making some of them bridle cues. I found all these cues online
"Forwards - Open knees (therefore opening pelvis) & apply calves
*Forwards would be to ask your horse to walk off, speed up or asking your horse for more forward motion. Get to know your horse and see how much pressure you need and how it will vary depending on the maneuver you are asking for.
Stop - Close knees (therefore closing the pelvis)
*What I mean by closing knees is closing them against the horse, or like squeezing them together. Think about it like you are sitting on a tube of toothpaste, your legs control the direction the toothpaste moves in the tube, try pushing a little bit of it backwards, just to bring it to a stop.
Back - Close knees (again closing your pelvis) & apply some calf contact, but slide your legs up a little bit farther than if you were asking the horse to go forwards. Think backwards, this really does help and remember the tube of toothpaste concept.
Turn - Hold the inside leg in a somewhat neutral position and apply the outside leg forward just a hair. This encourages the horse to round themselves around the inside leg, doing so keeps the horse collected and helps prevent common problems like a dropped shoulder.
Pivot - Slide your outside leg slightly forward and apply calf. Do not apply inside leg unless necessary to steady the horse. Either open, close or hold neutral your pelvis, depending on if your horse has too much or too little forward motion.
Sidepass - Hold pelvis neutral, unless needed to stop horse from taking steps forwards or backwards (like I explained when talking about the pivot). Slide outside leg just a hair backwards (think middle of the horse's barrel) and apply calf.
Forehand pivot - Slide outside leg back & apply calf, if needed close pelvis to prevent your mount from moving his front legs.
Head Down Cue (Asking your horse to lift their back and lower their head) - Keep pelvis neutral, lift rein up just slightly & close calves to encourage lifting of their back.
*This takes a little practice, but if you play around with it a little bit, rewarding the horse for the slightest movement, progress will be made. I usually first teach this at the stand still, then eventually at the walk, trot and canter.
Two Track - Same as sidepass, but with pelvis open to encourage forward motion"
I have NEVER ridden a horse who knows all these! I have only ridden horses who go forward, back, and turn. Is it a western and dressage thing perhaps? And how do I train my horse to do it? How will I differentiate the turning signal with the lateral movement one, etc.
Any advice is wanted here. I have seen people carry a crop when riding bridleless and use it to give the horse a turn signal, but clearly there is another way to do it.
AND BEFORE PEOPLE SAY "Oh well you need to learn how to not jerk on your horse's face all the time before teaching it" and all that; I DO know how. I barely use bridles on horses, they are only backup cues, I just don't know how to fit all these cues into one body part!