Explain collect and extend
In another thread (about trotting and barrel training) a responder posted that you need to "teach your horse to collect and extend in the trot." (I am paraphrasing, I forgot to copy the wording verbatim.)
What does this mean? I have heard others say "collect and extend" regarding gait and movement.
And, if I can get a twofer here, can someone also help me understand how maintain the slow trot? Sam has a fast walk to begin with. I can encourage him into a slow trot easily but he doesn't seem to maintain it for very long. He usually speeds up to the medium bonejarring trot or back down to a fast walk.
He is young, and best described as slightly better than green broke. He knows his circles and back (in saddle and out) and has really good ground manners, meaning will step away and reposition with little more than a hand signal and cluck. He has been gait trained, and although I haven't taken him past the medium trot, he has been trained to move at lopes and cantors. He also free lunges well and will stop and turn to me when commanded with a whoa.
Thanks for your explanations. I appreciate it.