Originally Posted by Cherie
First of all, let me say that turns on the forehand are VERY easy next to turns on the haunches. They are SOOO easy for a horse to learn that I keep them and disengagement of the hind quarter to a very tiny minimum. I think both work against a horse learning to willingly move their shoulders.
For a horse to do a pivot or a rollback, they MUST willingly move their shoulders. This just can't be over-emphasized.
Then, you have to decide if you want a 'real' rollback like cutting horses do or a 'reining rollback' like most reining horses do. The true cutting type of rollback is a stepping back motion and the outside front leg passes behind the inside leg. The reining rollback is really just a 1/2 of a turn-around or spin with a quick departure. It is a forward movement just like a spin and the outside front leg crosses over in front of the the inside leg.
The true rollback is accomplished by backing a horse one or two steps to 'load' the horse's weight on its hind quarters. The hind end is much lower than the front end. The horse then either steps behind (in a slow one) or makes a single sweeping motion and does a 180 and is ready to depart, still being low behind.
The whole process is very long and complicated. I would suggest that you first teach your horse to move its shoulders laterally. This may take a crop to tap on its outside shoulder or a spur pressed at the girth. It may also help to stop parallel to a fence but about 6 feet away from the fence. Then, ask the horse to reverse toward the fence. If you are 5 or 6 feet away, the horse just has enough room to move its shoulders to make the turn.
If you have done a lot of turning on the forehand, the horse will want to flop its butt around to change directions instead of moving its shoulders. If that is the case, you are going to have to get pretty tough on him to get him to move his shoulders. They REALLY do not like to move those shoulders if they have it in their heads to swing their butts around.
This is very good info from cherie. I ride reining, but I prefer the feel of a 'cutting' rollback where you step back and really sweep around.....****, I've got to stop stepping my horse back for the roll back!!! Might lose points for that!!