02-20-2012, 09:59 PM
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It greatly depends on which training method you want to use and what you plan to use the horse for.
I train using horses, ranch horses, trail horses, cow horses, etc. The way that I train a sidepass is: Pick up the reins for just enough contact with the mouth to prevent forward movement, left leg+left rein for a right sidepass on a horse that will neck rein. Left leg+direct right rein for a horse that doesn't neck rein yet.
Others will put different points on a horse's side that are cues for different things. For example, left leg up by the girth = right turn and left leg back closer to the rear cinch = sidepass.
That method works well if you only ever sit straight up in the saddle, but some of the work that I do causes me to be bent off one side, leaned back, or leaned forward when I need to cue for something. If I have to have my body in a way that doesn't allow me to reach one certain spot on their side, then I have a problem.
The way I train all mine, leg = yield the hindquarters and rein = move the shoulders. I balance how much of each to get the desired action from the horse.