Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Southern California
Bow to mount
I do both, teaching horses to bow to mount as well as lie down. I do not use treats and do not force the horse down. I use a full check snaffle and a soft lay rope (I like to use the leads made for rope halters with no clasps or hardware) to help hold up the leg on the side I am standing. Find a place where the ground is soft.
Please keep in mind it is not something you teach all horses in one day. It takes a lot of trust from your horse and as I learned from my horse, it can also take time for them to understand that you will not get hurt by them. He was afraid he was going to lay on me. And I will not teach a horse to bow before teaching it to lay down. You want separate cues and in fact if you are considering both I would teach one cue on one side of the horse and the other on the other side until the horse is solid.
I will only teach this to a horse that understands how to pick up its feet and that also knows how to release to pressure on the bit. I begin by placing leg protection on the horse and placing the rope on the pastern of the leg next to me. I then hold the rope and ask the horse to lean back. As soon as he leans back I release, praise and let him put his foot down.
You ask the horse to continue rocking back farther and farther until the knee touches the ground always allowing the horse to come right back up. You will want to keep the nose pointed toward the shoulder away from you, not toward you as he will lay down the wrong direction and not between his legs as he will not be able to lay down as easily. When they are comfortable with that I start asking them to keep the knee on the ground a little longer before asking them to get up. It is here you start teaching the cue to get up so the horse will wait for the cue while you mount.
When the horse is leaving the knee on the ground I will change the rope. I will run it under the belly to the opposite side, over the back and back to my hand. This will help keep the foot up if the horse resists the next steps. With the horses knee on the ground you will take his nose to the opposite side that you are standing on and ask the horse to rock back more. He should slowly come down on his shoulder and then lay down. Let him up as soon as he wants.
If you have not already, start using your cue to lay down. Lay him down a couple times letting him get up, then you will ask him to stay down by keeping his head bent to his side. Increase the amount of time he stays down and be sure you are giving a cue to get up. When your horse learns the cue to lay down he will do it in a natural way, so start asking with the cue first and if he does not lay down, do it manually. Rub him and get him comfortable with you being around him while he is down. Don't scare him. As soon as he learns he won't get hurt, he will lay down with ease.
When he is comfortable with you around him, sit on him sideways and get him use to that. Then add swinging your leg over and back. Always asking him to wait for the get up cue. When he accepts all that, sit on him, swing your leg over, wait a moment, ask him to get up. Be sure you are ready to stay on as the horse lurches forward to get up by grabbing some mane.