How to teach your horse to lunge *without* a whip?
I recently bought a horse (well, about three months ago) and we are still patiently awaiting a round pen to be purchased. Jäger was abused and is terrified of whips, so we have been diligently working on desensitizing him to them, which is coming along well, but he still has his moments of flight or freeze.
Ultimately, I would love to start lunging him for exercise until which time that the round pen goes in, which I know he does round pen. I have long lined him, which works very well for him at the walk, but he gets confused when he starts trotting. When it comes to lunging, he does not want to get out and stay on the circle. He will go out, take a few steps and come right back in. I have worked on making sure my body language is clear in asking him to move forward and away, out to the circle. I have had a friend who is a trainer give me the all clear on my body language, but she suggested I use a whip to get him going. This, of course, causes him to explode out of fear, as does hitting him violently (with the rope). I'm just wondering if anyone else has had experience with abused horses and their special needs when it comes to training. I have started horses in the past, but none of which who had a deep rooted fear of something from bad previous experience.
Again, there is no round pen, and no great enclosed space for riding - he is also a bucker under saddle, something we are working on, too. We also spend *a lot* of time, as long as three (spaced out) hours each day, working on ground work, and that is helping, but not getting him moving.