1. What can I do so he doesn't always lift his head. ( I show him there aren't any treats, like he licks and sniffs my hand)
If you want to touch his forehead, ignore the behavior and put a hand on his muzzle to push it down so you can reach the forehead. Regardless of if you have a treat or not, your message needs to be "You need to let me touch/brush/do whatever now. If
I do have a treat, you'll get it when I choose
to give it to you." The problem with hand feeding is that most folks give in and let
their horses get pushy, but if you're consistent about being the 'when' decision maker, you can have very well behaved horses while hand feeding.
This never happened, but if it ever does, I would like to be prepared. Let's say I am leading a horse and he refuses to move, I try to make him turn, but he won't budge. OK, so do I take a crop and wiggle it at the hindquarters? or apply pressure there and make him move and move in circles until he is willing to follow? BUt what if he still doesn't want to? I know a horse that trusts you and considers you alpha, or feels safe and doesn't care, will follow you. BUt if you try to make him move around in circles and still doesn't want to follow... what dya do?
Horse people talk about being alpha, trust, and respect a lot, but be careful about assuming this (willing to follow) is true 100% of time time. Even when a horse considers you the leader and/or trusts you, they are not machines, have minds of their own, and there are times when they just want to be ornery and do what they
If the horse plants his feet, yes...use your crop or the end of the lead rope at/on the hind quarters or chest, or bend their head around to try and get their feet moving. If you have the strength, you can lean on them, push them, use your elbows, etc. Stop and release the pressure to give them a chance to move, repeat as necessary. The important part is that you cannot
give in. You want the horse to understand that you will continue to irritate/bother them until they do what you want.