Does intelligence correlate directly with how easy or difficult a horse is to train?
What is the difference between 'learned behavior' and 'reasoning'?
Learned behaviour is something that is conditioned as a result of trial and error. The horse associates certain responses with favorable or unfavorable consequences. It then learns to repeat those behaviours that led to favorable results.
I'm thinking that horses best demonstrate innate behaviour and learned or conditioned behaviour.
Reasoning is a way to solve problems without trial and error. I'm not convinced that's appropriate in terms of how anything other than primates learn.
Does a smart horse learn more quickly?
Yes for sure... and it learns bad just as quickly as it learns good.
How do you differentiate what is learned by repetition and conditioning and what is learned by thinking and reasoning.
Are both conditioned responses and reasoning good measuring guides for intelligence?
Would you rather train a smart horse than a not-so-smart one? [Note -- I didn't say 'dumb horse'!
My personal preference is for smart, opinionated horses. The sort that can figure out things and keep themselves from harm work well for me.
Dumb, dead head horses do nothing for me at all. Indeed they're often their own worst enemy because they put up with bad stuff.
Give me one that evades and resists idiotic, cack handed management any day of the week.
If you listed well known domesticated animals, where would you place horses against dogs, cats, cattle, pigs, etc?
horses, pigs, dogs, cattle.
What 'tests' would you use to rate intelligence?
The capability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas, use language, to learn, and have the most creativity, personality, character, knowledge, wisdom and to be able to use tools and equipment to aid performance of a task.
That and Cortical neurons in the brain.
Horses though are in the category of having the ability to be trained to respond to an increasingly complex set of stimuli with a repertoire of learned behaviours. They're exceptionally good at that being flight and fright prey animals.
When it comes to horses then I measure it by:
The Scope of learning – the cognitive ability of a horse to solve increasingly complex problems.
Rate of learning - The time it takes for the horse to learn a task.
Retention of learning – The ability of the horse to remember the learned behavior.