thanks for the tips. I'll just start with the hand and ill get my whip out and go from there thanks!
I was told to put pressure in the rib cage behind leg position to have them pivot on the front, pressure about where your leg would go/girth area to have them sidepass, and pressure on the shoulder to get them to pivot on the hind. Does that sound about right? Also when doing it on the long line, do you use different pressures on the bit while tapping, or keep it steady?
The thing to keep in mind is that the horse must move away from pressure or your space. For a turn on the forehand the whip tapping on the side of the body ( or if long enough to that side of the haunches) should make the horse's haunches move over. To ensure the shoulders stay where they are, you position yourself at the neck/shoulder moving no more than one step towards the hind but not towards his shoulder. Your position acts like an anchored pole that the horse neithers backs away from nor crowds. Transfering to long lining means that you stand behind the horse with one long rein (maybe even the whip) tapping the side at the haunch area you want the horse to move away from and you moving in the direction the haunches are to move to. So to move the horse left around the front you tap the right side and move to the left.
Now turning the horse on the haunches I will "crowd" the horses shoulders. I am basically telling him that where his shoulders are is "my" space and he has to move over. For each step I "crowd" into him he has to yield his space to me. If you get good at this just walking into his space will move him and you can do a 360 by simply walking into him. Transfering this to the longline I will use an open rein and lead his front to the direction I want and hold the other line (basically the "outside" line firm to prevent the haunches from moving anywhere). This can be confusing in the begining and having a helper at the front helps a lot. It usually doesn't take long for the horse to understand and it really comes down to how much pressure is put on the lines.
All I have to do now to change the above to a side pass is to slowly tap the haunches while I lead the horse to start the turn on the haunch but simply don't allow a complete turn. So the front starts the turn and your outside line/whip tapping the haunches cause them to move over just after the front starts....voila you have a side pass.