Christy gets extremely barn sour, so if I try to take her out on the trail she is going to fuss.
First we make sure she is aware I'm the boss. We do a little lunging / backing in the corral (I don't have a round pen) before I ever saddle her. Then we do some more circles and backing in the saddle, again in her corral (her safe place.)
Then we go out. When she balks we do circles and we back up. If she is hesitant on the trail we zig zag along the road. At the first sign of fuss we circle and back up again. I don't go too far the first time, maybe down to the corner of the street, then back to the house. I do this a couple of times, then we go a little farther. Each time I ride I can go farther. I don't push her beyond her ability to handle the stress. If I do she will probably tie-up, or just loose it and go vertical (buck.)
When we get back, I either do more riding in the yard, or in the corral. If I don't have time, then I will tie her for 15 min. To 1 hour before taking the saddle off. (I do loosen the girth.) If I have time after taking the saddle off I will lunge her for 5 to 10 minutes usually just at a walk or trot, then walk her around for a bit, until I know she has cooled off and is relaxed. Then, I turn her loose. She learns comming back home does not mean she gets turned loose, instead it means she keeps working, or at least does not get freedom.
I am very firm with her. I don't hit, I don't yell, I do make her work!
And wow do I get tired!