You may want to find a local trainer who can help assist you, as they will be able to spot the 'problems' first hand, and can tell or show you what you need to do in each situation. I would definitely be trying to get out there more than once a week too; it takes a couple of days in a row, or a couple of every other days in a row to ensure that the lessons you are teaching are actually sticking. If you can't get out more than once a week, you will be teaching these lessons over and over again, simply because he's not getting enough 'reminders' in a row in order to retain it fully.
If Copper has no respect for your personal space, and won't move off when you ask, you may not be asking correctly, or positioning yourself in a way that he feels you mean "back off". I have two yearlings I am training for the school I live and work at, and BOTH know how to longe, back, etc, but when a staff member who has little to no assertive-leadership, they won't do any of those things; they can tell immediately how "soft" a person is. I'm not saying to beat your horse into submission, but you have to learn how to make yourself "heard".
For the mare that is balking, don't stand there and pull on her lead; that is actually teaching her she can resist you. Start teaching her to yield her hips, and shoulders, so you have a way to keep her feet moving when she does balk. When she balks, give her a "kiss" cue, and if she doesn't move on, then just start yielding her hip and shoulders; she will quickly learn to move forward, because she's not going to want to go in 'circles' for long...that's work for a horse, and most horses are innately lazy; meaning they want to do whatever is easiest. You can teach her how to longe as well, and when she balks, just start longing her; again, the main thing being that she learns that you control her feet, and she figures out that going forward is easier than doing 'work'.
For lifting of their feet, start teaching them to 'give' to a feel; use a cotton lead and loop it around a foot; click, and ask them to "give", while simulataneously applying pressure to the lead; as soon as they shift their weight off of that foot, take the pressure away. You can gradually ask them to 'hold' the give for longer, and eventually start asking them to 'give' with your hand alone. Doing it this way keeps you out of danger of kicking feet while they figure out what you are asking.
"The ideal horseman has the courage of a lion, the patience of a saint, and the hands of a woman..."
Last edited by mom2pride; 10-18-2009 at 12:42 AM.