I have had my soon to be 6 yr old qh gelding for almost 2 years now, a great horse and very calm. When riding him solo he will balk quite often or where he doesn;t want to go. Eventually I get to move out but it is very annoying. He also does this while leading him and I am having to hand walk him because of a bowed tendon. He just freezes up and won;t move, usually away from the barn. Wasn't too bad a month ago when I started but he is getting worse. I try turning him back and forth and did some circles yesterday but that can't be good for his bow. Using the rope on his rump to annoy him used to work but even that isn't doing it now.
I think I should be using a whip but need to know the proper way to use it in this situation. Thank you so much for any help.