Positive reinforcement (+R, reward) = Addition of something desirable in order to strengthen a behaviour
Negative reinforcement (-R, removal of pressure) = Taking away something undesirable in order to strengthen a behaviour
Now for a can of worms...
|I believe that simple praise is a very motivating reward. I don't like to use treats to get the reaction that you want because a horse can become just like a dog in their reaction to too many treats. They will do the action you ask and then immediately come looking for a treat. They will eventually notice when you have no treats and then they will not want to do the action unless you go get a treat.|
I agree that using treats(or any positive reinforcement) with horses works in the same manner as it works with dogs & other animals, human included. But it is the way you teach them, being conscious of what you're teaching them, not what you use to reinforce it that governs the behaviour & reliability you get. You can be a good or bad trainer with whatever tools you choose.
|Horses are herd animals and as such, they naturally want to please the herd leader. Most of the time, that leader is us. After they complete the desired action, a kind word or a scratch on the neck|
Back to what you use, so long as it's truely(not just what we think should be) desirable to the horse, it can be an effective positive reinforcement. People often get hung up on the question of food treats when discussing 'reward'. This is just one of many +Rs, including a scratch on the neck, which may be used to reward.
Originally Posted by WesternPleasure27
See, but I say "pressure, release"
The release is the reward.
When this phrase is said, that's what it means. It's a phrase to indicate simply pressure and release, and the release is the reward for the horse showing the horse that it has done the correct thing. [/quote]
Actually, that's exactly wrong, as we're discussing actual meanings of terms, not just some people's perception of them. That's the whole point of the discussion. There is absolutely nothing wrong with using pressure & release(negative reinforcement) and it is a great way to teach horses. But it is not reward(positive reinforcement).
|This is just another example of people taking a simple one meaning phrase and trying to complicate it. Adding reward to the equation is changing the phrase thus taking away it's meaning.|