I have been handling and training my own horses and for friends and family, for many years, but I have no certifications of any kind and I only train for trail riding. I recently watched a youtube video showing a fellow training a reining horse. The leg cues he was giving confused me. I began to think that maybe I'm behind the times on leg pressure training. He was repeatedly pulling the horse's head around to the left while repeatedly bumping with the left spur just aft of the cinch at the same time while the horse was standing. I have no idea what he was trying to accomplish. Seemed to know what he was doing, though. In his commentary he did not say what he was teaching the horse, only that he was teaching the horse to respond to a cue.
The cues I have always taught are the following:
Right calf pressure = left turn, more pressure = tighter turn.
Left calf gives the right turn, as above.
Right heel ahead of the cinch = front quarters left. Hold head lightly with reins gives the spin
Left heel = front quarters right, etc.
Right heel pressure on the cinch gives left side pass and vice-versa
Heel pressure behind the cinch moves the hindquarters.
Hard sit-back and feet forward in the stirrups gives the stop cue.
Squeeze with both calves says a little faster either forward or backward
Two quick squeezes in forward progress says "trot"
Slight lean forward and a good squeeze says "Canter"
I combine voice commands with all my cues, including kisses and clucks.
What am I missing?