Don't try to pull or nag him forward, if he stops...just get his feet to move. Longing is a good start, or she could simply do shoulder and hip yields, to get him to unlock his feet. The only thing a person accomplishes by trying to pull a horse forward is more resistance. She doesn't have to use a whip, but she may have to use the lead to encourage him to move his hip, or to get him to longe. The key is to simply get his feet to move, and teach him that just because he doesn't want to 'go foward' doesn't mean that he won't have to move. She needs to control his feet even when he is scared, or testing her, or he will never be confident in her ability to lead him safely. And that is the main goal; he wants a confident leader, not one who is going to be indecisive or let him decide when they will walk foward together.
Whips or carrot sticks are not a bad tool, unless they are used in an abusive manner; They are meant to be an extension of the hand, as it's not always feasable to reach the horse in order to cue him. He is not going to hate her if she uses these kind of tools. Plus, he's not thinking about his past, unless his owner is, so if she keeps treating him like he's 'still there' he will never move beyond that attitude; his owner needs to become confident in handling him and stop worrying about the horse's past. Yes, it happened, but she needs to move beyond it, and help the horse regain his confidence in her\other people.
"The ideal horseman has the courage of a lion, the patience of a saint, and the hands of a woman..."
Last edited by mom2pride; 08-23-2009 at 02:53 PM.