I don't know if you can exactly see it but thats the bit and those are the reins i'm using right now.Hmm oh and i don't know if you can see the broken part but its a twisted broken in the middle. i can get an internet pic for better reference here......
but its got a different style shank as you can see in the actual pic.
My horse is very stubborn too and hardly ever wants to leave his mates. I find if i just hold a whip and just lightly tap him on the shoulder to get him going then dropping it works too. But others peoples ideas sound really god too=)
well i have an over and under but i don't like to sit there and hold it the whole time pretty much threatening him. If i set it down he knows and he will act up again. Its weird. Sometimes i get tired of doing that and will finally pop him and he will listen after that. I also think maybe he always wants to go home because we go to the same places pretty much every ride we go on. So i think he is becoming bored of it as well.