03-10-2012, 12:22 PM
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It really just depends on your mini's lifestyle. If they're just pasture puffs, they'll most likely be fine on a high-nutrience hay and no grain, and if they're moderate workers, they'll probably need just a few handfulls of grain. A mini that shows or otherwise works hard will need even more. Broodmares will also need suppliments most likely. Most miniature horses are very hardy though, and I haven't met many that were hard keepers (unless keeping the weight off is called hard xD).
We feed our 'pasture puff' minis 2/3 Timothy 1/3 Alfalfa hay, free choice. On average they probably each end up eating a flake and a half each day, maybe a bit more. Our cart and riding ponies (though the riding ponies are shetlands) eat free choice hay and 1/2 cup of Purina Horse and Pony feed. Our broodmares take free choice hay, 1 cup of Purina Horse and Pony feed, and some get different suppliments depending on their body. We also feed Psyllium (which is in Sand Clear and other products) to all of them because they are on a dry lot, and we have had major problems with sand colic in the past.
If you do graze your mini, just make sure that you allow it to acclimate to the new diet. Begin with just an hour or two of grazing time and slowly allow them more time until they're out for most of the day, but make sure to only allow them a few hours in the Spring when grass is the richest. A grazing muzzle or sacrifice lot works well. We don't graze our miniatures at all, except for the occasional few minutes when they're done working and we want to treat them.