Your mare does not need to speak but she does communicate
You must first learn what she communicates with the signal she presents. You can the create signals of your own and associate them with movement you incite her to perform.That with repetition will teach her to respond expediently.
I will attach material of some length. You argue it for discovery
Cup of blended T’s is an excerpt from US in Equus
Total words 102,589
Author: Jack Vance
859 6630 4435 Jackvance1@juno.com
Cup of blended T’s
Before one may become a good trainer of horses or dogs, or any animal for that matter; they must understand that training is all about communication. In my relationship with animals, I discovered for myself the Three Innate Mediums of two-way communication common to all animals; which are Visual, Sound and Touch, which are in part, inter specie; perhaps not to the intimate level as is intra species, but the generality of a given message is clear.
These three mediums are the only way I know of to train a horse.
The more signals within the mediums of communication one recognizes and understands; the more enhanced is their training ability. This is the profound, but simple reason why some people become good trainers and why good trainers become great trainers.
When in the presence of a horse; I endeavor to learn the signals with which he conveys information. He is the teacher;* granted, his teaching role with me may be unintentional, but that does not lessen my role as willing student. Upon learning his signals I can begin training* him to learn mine.
If you have “Horse in the Heart” you are one of”US in EQUUS” we are a family that learns through sharing. I believe when you understand the three innate mediums of two-way communication; your life and that of your horse or dog are enhanced.
Of the three innate mediums of two-way communication; the human communication of sound; as in the spoken words of a sentence; is excessive of what a horse requires or is able to understand. For this reason, we use very few (Compared to the many at our command) human word sounds in training.
We may talk at or to them using sentences, but the horse only recognizes the key directive word(s). The tone or attitude, such as harsh, friendly, or playful sound of the other words in the sentence, merely enhance and support the message of the key word. For instance, the soft drawn out key word of “whoa”, supported with the “Easy it will be alright”, which we often accompany with touching; as when we are wanting to sooth and calm a horse. One could also use intimidating tones and attitude when saying Whoa!
I recognize some of the Sounds horses make and I have a good idea of the message or intent of the sound. I do not recognize the profound intimacy of all the horse’s sounds. In addition, there may be sounds with which the horse communicates, which I have not heard for whatever reason?
Communication conveys information. Clear intentional communication is the essence of any enduring relationship. Communication when Understood leads to Predictability.
As humans we are able to develop sounds that mimic those of some animals. Animals, however (for the most part) cannot produce sound to mimic us. At the same time both humans and animals seem to learn quickly the superficial aspects of each other’s visual and touch mediums of two-way communication.
Horses, throughout the world, or dogs for that matter; communicate using the same signals, it is universal. An Italian horse understands the communication from an English horse, even though neither has never before heard or seen the other. To appreciate the horses’ simplicity of communication via sound, one would merely note the complex and perplexing sounds in the multi language and dialects in which humans communicate.
An interesting note; horses are not able to lie, so we do not have to wait for that which they communicate to prove true, if they communicated it that is what they mean and their intent.
On the other hand, we humans are not only able, but apt at lying, misleading or deceiving each other; using all three innate mediums of two-way communication.
In my practicing of training horses, I have accepted definitions of certain words which I hold fast to. I feel they are fundamental and aid me in maintaining and understanding the horse. However I am open to learning new ways of enhancing my life and that of the horse.
These words in part are; Training, an intentional endeavor to modify behavior; Good training enhances our relationship with the horse, while bad training destroys it. It is not uncommon for a well trained horse to end up in the hands of a bad trainer/rider.
Learning can be an intentional or unintentional process.
Trust, a status we extend to others when they prove trustworthy.
Confidence, an ever changing state of mind an animal or human holds of themselves.
A good example of unintentional and intentional learning is; I fall off a bridge into the water and don’t know how to swim; I would probably frantically begin flailing my arms and legs about, trying to stay afloat. If I did stay afloat and made it to shore I would have unintentionally learned to swim, to a small degree. An example of intentional learning is: I now take swimming lessons, I am intentionally learning to swim, and the instructor is teaching me.
As a trainer; in order to develop mutually respect in the relationship and a positive, residual affect; the animal and I must experience each other face to face. As a trainer, I communicate to the horse, my true intention; that being, I mean him no harm. The horse, by accepting or rejecting what I do with him; shows me my communication is working… or not working. Training is sometimes a process of trial and error.
The moment the Horse and I realize; neither of us intends harm, we are both standing at the thresh hold of mutual trust. As our training sessions continue, and our communication is learned and refined we both hold the status of mutual trust; and our continued sessions of Ground Training, enhance my future efforts of training the horse for riding or driving.
My nomadic life style, has allowed me to experience and learn from many people, horses and dogs. My experiences led me to create an aphorism, titled: A CUP of Blended T’s; the letters C. U. P. are an acronym for Communication, Understanding, and Predictability. The Blended T’s, segment is stated below.
I find keeping this in the forefront of my thinking, fuels my search for new or more subtle communication of animals, as well as people.
The letter C = Communication through Visual, Sound & Touch, which are also three of the horses’ five senses.
The three innate mediums of two-way communication listed below are not prioritized.
The first medium of communication is visual. I call it visual because one must have and use their eyes to understand the physical signals conveyed via the horse’s extremities; individually or in correlation.
In the Deaf community this visual medium of communication is called Signing; and is well refined in that community.
Horses’ communicating visually use their eyes, ears, bearing of their teeth, rapid opening and closing of the mouth, lip licking, movement of the head, feet, tail, and the overall demeanor of their body.
One easily understands visual communication when one sees a strange dog wonder into the pasture of a horse; if the horse is territorial; the horse, not knowing or liking the strange dog in its pasture, will bear its teeth, lower its head and make an attempt to bite, kick or strike the dog.
Mules, unless trained otherwise, are known to be aggressive about dogs, strange or otherwise; for this reasons Burros (One of US in Equus) are often a protective member of a Sheep herd.
The dog understands what the horse is communicating; which is, get out! The communication can be a threatening aspect or one of a deadly serious nature. The horse’s action is an intentional visual communication.
When a pack of carnivorous animals on the hunt see a prey animal limping, unable to keep up with the herd, that is another example of an unintentional visual communication from the prey animal, conveying the message; I am hurt. The predator(s) knows from past experiences, this prey animal will be an easier catch than would be one not limping. And the chase is on.
The Police officer, directing traffic; conveys directives to the motorist and pedestrian using Visual communicates via his arms and hands.
I may use my entire body or my extremities, individually or in correlation; to communicate my directives to a horse. With the aforementioned; I am able to create and develop signals which I present consistently and persistently, while at the same time; I incite the horse to perform a certain action or movement corresponding with that signal.
The second medium of communication is Sound. Horses create various sounds via their breath flowing from the lungs, through the nose and mouth. The sound might be a slight “mmmmm” as horses do when, I am ever so slightly late in feeding them, or like that of a mare nickering a message to her foal to stay close or the scream of a mare that lost track of her foal, or the screams of warning…from a stallion telling another stallion to stay away, or to give alarm to his herd as to the presence of danger.
The squeal or whine of a wounded prey animal is an example of an unintentional sound communication. A predator recognizes this sound and moves toward the sounds of the wounded animal.
During riding or driving I use sounds (such as the word Whoa) to direct my horse to stop or encourage them to stand still when In-hand. My horse can just as easily be trained to stop’ or stand when they hear other sounds, such as a whistle; if I were to consistently associate that sound with the act of stopping or standing. The old teamsters trained their work horses/mules to turn left to the sound of Haw’ and turn right to the sound of Gee’.
The third medium of communication is touch: An example of touch communication between horses would be when a foal rubs against his mother for comfort or bumps her in the flank to demand she let him nurse, still another touch communication; is when the stallion nips, nuzzle or rubs against a mare during the mating ritual to determine her receptiveness. Still another would be when two horses walk up to each other and both, using their teeth scratch the other on certain areas of their body.
Another example of Touch is; when a blind person is holding the harness handle of a guide dog walking forward. Suddenly the dog stops and refuses to walk forward upon command. The stopping and refusal to walk on upon command is noted in the non movement of the dogs harness handle, as the handle does not move unless the dog moves. This non movement communicates to the person holding the handle; there are dangerous or undesirable conditions ahead, in which case the person will heed the dog’s communication and stand still or direct the dog to go another way.
Brail’ is another example of touch communication; where in the reader must use their sense of touch with their finger tips moving along upon an array of raised dots on a Brail board. The arrangement of the dots, convey the message.
Another example of touch communication is a man and woman holding each other while dancing.
Still another example of touch communication is; when in the presences of a domestic cat, it rubs against me, this is an intentional touch communication from the cat; perhaps showing affection or marking me.
When I pet, rub or scratch my horses, I am communicating peace, and friendliness and pleasure, which brings comfort to them and me. When riding or driving and I apply pressure and release of my personal aids in an effort to direct a horse’s movement, I am using touch communication.
Once I begin riding the horse, I incite the horse through (touch) my personal aids of legs, seat, and hands individually or in correlation. I apply pressure and release of these aids in a timely manner associated with a movement or action I want him to perform.
U = Understanding: When I recognize, and understand the signals horses uses to communicate; I know the generality of message they convey.
P = Predictability: Which means I am able to forecast the outcome of various circumstances and consequences.
Blended T's = Training & Trust: The sequence is definitely training first, and if done humanely, kindly, consistently, the horse will extend to me a degree of trust.
Trust between me and an animal is simply: willing participation in degrees without fear. The more I train; the greater degree of trust the horse extends to me.
I must mention the absence of fear, does not necessarily reflect the presence of trust. The Lion in the wild having never seen me certainly does not fear me; he may move away from me until he discovers what I am about, who knows what he will do then. I guess it would depend on if he was hungry or wanted to use me as a chewy to play Tug of War with his partner?
One should remember; both fear and trust are learned and earned.
Training can be accomplished two ways. One way is face to face, where we train the animal through ground work, and he learns to trust us. We then continue training him to ride, drive or perform at liberty. This training begins at the first encounter when both parties are present and aware of each other. I feel; with a psychologically sound horse; humane, good training will produce trust.
The other way to train a horse has limits; it is through Pavlov’s involuntary response to a stimulus. Take an example of a wild horse held captive in a pen. Where in, without the horse being aware of my presence or participation; I will train him to open a gate or load into a trailer or something of that nature.
In either case he will develop trust for the environment, but he will not develop trust for me; I wasn’t in his presences, so how could he.
In closing, may I suggest; while incorporating a "Cup of Blended T's" will not make one a trainer, it certainly is a fundamental aspect of good training. I myself enjoy a "Cup of Blended T'S" every day.
Communication conveys information; therefore Taste and Odor are mediums of One-way Communication. However these two senses convey only incoming information about the matter they smell or taste. When a horse taste or smells something, the horse cannot convey information to another being via its senses of taste and smell. Any information conveyed must be conveyed via visual, sound or touch and will be unintentional.
On the other hand with humans’ odor can be unintentional or intentional; as is the case with use of perfume, after shave or the absences of same. However one can taste something or smell it and convey one’s feeling about the taste of it, but that communication must be via visual, sound or touch.
Having said this, I question the conduct of a dog rolling in a dead, smelly animal, manure or other debris and I ask, is his rolling in that stuff, an intentional act or a biological, involuntary function to hide their own odor.
Whatever it is; a horses’ ability to smell or their odor is a non-cognitive, biological, involuntary function. It communicates status or presences, it is unintentional communication.
The definition of certain words in the English language is often multi in meaning, yet different in application. Therefore I define the words to express my application of them. Yours may be different and so be it.
*Teaching: the endeavor to convey information to another, where in they may use this information at their discretion.
*Training: The endeavor to modify the behavior of another. In the case of animals, we train them to perform an action or movement upon cue from the trainer.
Read more: anyone ever trained with nothing