I do keep a halter on him. And when he did kick, I then went and grabbed his halter and made him follow my lead, I wanted to be sure he knew who was in charge, but I was not sure what all else I should do to display leadership.
To display leadership is to make his feet move. Groundwork. Lunging, backing, yielding his front and rear end. Think of it this way. The one that moves their feet first loses. If he can make you move your feet, he is leader. If you can make him move his feet, you are leader. Sometimes you may need to move your feet first, to get closer to him, to make him move away from you. You still are displaying a leader role.
If you watch a herd and the lead horse, that horse will give signs for the other to move away. First is the glare: ear pinning. Next is the swishing of the tail and ear pinning. Last is either an open mouth to bite or them backing up to kick. The trick for humans is to create a language with the horse that does the same thing. We can't pin our ears but we can use our body and the way we walk and hold our posture to communicate with the horse. It takes some time to learn how. I've been able to walk in the pasture and scatter the horses just with the way I walk. I can walk thru relaxed and they're fine. Get me pissed off and they know I'm trying my darnedest to pin my ears. It does take some practice and working with them to learn your body language.
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