Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: southern Arizona
In 1972 an improved protective helmet was introduced for professional jockeys and D’Abreu of the Jockey Club noted a reduction in head injuries from 46 in the 1967–8 season to 27 in the 1973–4 season.
Mills in 1988 was concerned that this helmet was still not providing enough protection.Many of the injuries he investigated were to the side of the head where protection provided by the helmet was minimal.
The European standard (CEN) was introduced in 1996 and all protective helmets worn in this country have to at least conform to the minimum performance requirements....
...In 1984 Lloyd noted that 50% of admissions were from a head injury and at Oxford it had reduced from 66% in 1971 to 26% in 1991. Muwanga found that six riders wearing a helmet had a skull fracture. McGhee found that all the severely injured had a skull fracture despite the wearing of a helmet.
In our study isolated head injuries accounted for only 17.3% of all injuries and only 15.6% of these were admitted. One can conclude that asmost riders are wearing a helmet conforming to the European Standard (or equivalent), it is reducing the incidence of a skull fracture and the severity of the injury.
The relative incidence of upper limb injuries would appear to be increasing when compared with other studies. Whitlock found that 24.3% of injuries affected the upper limb with 42.3% having sustained a fracture.
In our study 29.2% had upper limb injuries of which 61.8% sustained a fracture. Fractured wrists/scaphoids accounted for 22.4% of the upper limb injuries whereas Whitlock found only 10.8% to have a fracture.
A changing pattern of injuries to horse riders
P S Moss, A Wan, M R Whitlock / Emerg Med J2002;19:412–414
In eventing it has been mandatory to wear a helmet that conforms to Bs4472, similar to that for professional jockeys. The design has been criticised as not offering enough protection, and the standard was amended in 1988.
After six deaths in eventing in 1993, four from a head injury, efforts have been made to improve the design of the helmet."
Injuries to riders in the cross country phase of eventing: the importance of protective equipment / Br J Sports Med1999;33:212–216
Notice the dates...helmets have been in use in eventing for a long time.
... Energy is an admirable thing, but the energy of stupidity seldom avails much..." - On Seats and Saddles (1868), Francis Dwyer, Major of Hussars (light cavalry)